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1016 terms were found.
Advanced Tactical Engagement Simulations
Analog to Digital
Army Airspace Command and Control
Army Airborne Command and Control System
Army Battle Command System
Airspace Coordination Area
Air Combat Command
Analysis Control Element or Adaptive Communication Environment or Advanced Collaborative Environment or Aviation Combat Element
Airspace Control Measures
Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation
Airspace Control Order
Advanced Concepts and Requirements or Armored Cavalry Regiment
Advanced Concept and Technology Demonstration
Army Constructive Training Federation
Advanced Deployability or Armored Division
Air Defense Artillery
Assistant Division Commander-Maneuver
Assistant Division Commander-Support
Automatic Direction Finding
Advanced Distributed Simulation Technology
Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS)
Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS) is a member of the ATCCS and provides an integrated fire support command and control system that will process mission and other related information to coordinate and maximize the use of all fire support assets. AFATDS will provide processing capabilities from Corps to the Platoon Fire Direction Center.
Advanced Encryption Standard
Airborne Electronic Warfare
Air Force Base
Advanced Fingerprint Identification System
After Action Review (AAR)
A professional discussion of a training event focused on performance standards, that enable the soldiers to discover for themselves what happened, why it happened, and how to sustain strengths and improve on weaknesses. It is a tool that leaders, trainers, and units can use to get the maximum benefit from every mission or task.
Air Ground Engagement System
Above Ground Level
Air to Ground Missile
Automated Information System
All Source Analysis System (ASAS)
All Source Analysis System (ASAS) is a member of the ATCCS and provides a ground-based automated intelligence processing and dissemination system designed to provide intelligence and targeting support to the battle commanders.
Air Liaison Officer
Air and Missile Defense Work Station
Aviation Mission Planning System
Army Approved Damage Assessment Algorithm
Army Modeling and Simulation Office
Area of Operation
Application Program Interface
Anti-Personnel Obstacle Breach System
Aerial Port of Debarkation
Aerial Port of Embarkation
An interactive process for the design and development of a product that satisfies specified customer requirements. In application engineering, a developer uses the domain model(s) within the product line to understand the capabilities offered by the product line architecture and specifies a system for development. The developer then uses the product line architecture to build the system.
Appliqué is the Force XXI Battle Command Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2) initiative to digitize the battlefield. Computer hardware, software and interfaces will be installed on weapons platforms and vehicles at brigade-and-below echelons and deployed with individual dismounted soldiers.
Army Battle Command System
The Army’s automated command and control system consists of digital systems, facilities, people, and procedures. The BFA components are the Global Command and Control Systems-Army (GCCS-A), Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS), All Source Analysis System (ASAS), Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS), Air and Missile Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS), Maneuver Control System (MCS), Force XXI Battle Command–Brigade and Below (FBCB2) System, and the Tactical Airspace Information System (TAIS). Enabling components to ABCS are the Digital Topographic Support System (DTSS) and the Integrated Meteorological System (IMETS), while the Warfighter Information Network Tactical (WIN-T), Tactical Internet (TI) and the Integrated Systems Control (ISYSCON). (ABCS CRD, Ver 1c.)
Army Tactical Command and Control System (ATCCS)
The Army Tactical Command and Control System (ATCCS) is made up of five systems: Maneuver Control System (MCS); Air and Missile Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS); All Source Analysis System (ASAS); Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS); and Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS). ATCCS will be linked directly to Global Command and Control System - Army (GCCS-A), providing a framework of seamless connectivity from brigade to corps. ATCCS is also the linchpin between AGCCS and Force XXI Battle Command Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2), creating a holistic, seamless integration of battle command from individual platforms to echelons above corps (EAC).
Army Training XXI Functional Architecture
The Army Training XXI Functional Architecture (ATFA) addresses the actual training processes and activities that take place to “Train the Force.” The purpose of the ATFA is to provide the functional framework for the supporting technical and systems architectures on which all future AT XXI automated training systems will be built.
Army Training XXI Technical Architecture
The Army Training XXI Technical Architecture (ATTA) fully supports a standards-based, data-driven, reconfigurable, self-organizing-to-task (SOTT) system of systems for managing training information. This architecture is designed from the top-down to support the guiding principles introduced in the AT XXI Campaign Plan. The AT XXI system architecture is comprised of eight Automated Information Systems (AISs), each of which is comprised of software segments largely drawn from as-is and objective AT XXI systems. These eight AISs are 1) Training Analysis; 2) Training Design; 3) Training Development; 4) Training Implementation; 5) Training Evaluation; 6) Training Management; 7) Information Transfer; and 8) AT XXI Digital Library System.
Army National Guard
Army Training and Evaluation Program
Aviation Survivability Equipment Trainer
Air Support Operations Center
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) has been accepted universally as the transfer mode of choice for Broadband Integrated Services Digital Networks (BISDN). ATM can handle any kind of information i.e. voice, data, image, text and video in an integrated manner. ATM provides good bandwidth flexibility and can be used efficiently from desktop computers to local area and wide area networks. ATM is a connection- oriented packet switching technique in which all packets are of fixed length i.e. 53 bytes (5 bytes for header and 48 bytes for information). ATM technology is configured and installed within MSE communications network in order to provide more efficient management and utilization of the limited bandwidth available within this legacy system. ATM-enabled multimedia technology supports the normal operation and performance of the MSE capabilities of voice and packet-switched data. ATM also provides for real-time dissemination of the commander’s intent and collaborative mission planning and analyses through use of video teleconferencing hardware/software and a collaborative. ATM equipment supports Internet Protocol (IP)-based conferencing and multimedia capabilities and provides high-speed data dissemination through the MSE network.
Army Transformation or Acceptance Test or Annual Training
American Telephone and Telegraph
Army Training Digital Library Renamed the Reimer Digital Library (RDL)
Army Test and Evaluation Command Mission. ATEC plans, conducts, and integrates developmental testing, independent operational testing, independent evaluations, assessments, and experiments in order to provide essential information to decision makers.
Advanced Tactical Engagement Simulation System
Antenna Transceiver Group
Army Training Information Architecture
Army Training Information Management Program
Army Training Modernization Directorate (of ATSC)
Air Tasking Order
Acceptance Test Plan
Army Training Support Center
Association of the United States Army
Army Universal Task List
Able to operate within defined procedures but without external data input.
Army Variable Message Format
Advanced Warfighting Experiment or Area Weapon Effects
Air Warrior Measurement and Debriefing System
Battle Damage Assessment
The timely and accurate estimate of damage resulting from the application of military force, either lethal or nonlethal, against a predetermined objective. Battle damage assessment can be applied to the employment of all types of weapon systems (air, ground, naval, and special forces weapon systems) throughout the range of military operations. Battle damage assessment is primarily an intelligence responsibility with required inputs and coordination from the operators. Battle damage assessment is composed of physical damage assessment, functional damage assessment, and target system assessment. Also called BDA. (JP 102)
Tasks that must be accomplished by a subordinate organization if the next higher organization is to accomplish a mission essential task. The senior commander selects battle tasks from each subordinate organization’s mission essential task list.
Battlefield Operating System (BOS)
The Battlefield Operating Systems (BOSs) are the major functions performed by the force on the battlefield to successfully execute Army operations (battles and engagements) in order to accomplish military objectives directed by the operational commander. They include maneuver, fire support, air defense, command and control, intelligence, mobility and survivability, and combat service support. Battlefield Visualization - the process whereby the commander/soldier develops a clear understanding of the current state with relation to the enemy and the environment; envisions a desired outcome; and subsequently visualizes the sequence of activity that will move the force from its current state to the end state.
The process whereby the commander develops a clear understanding of the current state with relation to the enemy and environment, envisions a desired end state which represents mission accomplishment, and then subsequently visualizes the sequence of activity that moves the commander's force from its current state to the end state.
Components of this space are determined by the maximum capabilities of friendly and enemy forces to acquire and dominate each other by fires and maneuver and in the electromagnetic spectrum (TRADOC PAM 525-5).
Brigade/Battalion Battle Simulation
Brigade Command Battle Staff Training Program
Battlefield Control Element
Battlefield Combat Identification System
Baseline Change Request
Battalion-level Battle Command System
Battle Command Sustainment Support System
Brigade Combat Team or Battlefield Control Terminal
Battle Command Training Program
Battle Damage Assessment
Battle Damage Assessment
Base Defense Zone
Battlefield Effects and Interfaces
Bit Error Rate
Battlefield Effects System (or Simulation)
Blue Force Tracker
Bradley Fighting Vehicle
Broad Industry Announcement
Basis of Estimate
Bits per second
Binary Phase Shift Keying
Brigade Recovery Days
Designing software to include self-testing or built-in-testing code as a powerful way to improve the testing process. Built-in-testing techniques are based on the concept of contracts within a program, where data values and program states must be checked before the program can continue execution. The most common built-in-testing tool is the assertion, which is an evaluation of a Boolean statement expressing some correct state in the program. If the statement evaluates to false, the assertion causes the program to take some specified action, generally aborting program execution. Assertions are the basis of four basic built-in-testing tools that are generally used to enforce software requirements: precondition validation, post-condition validation, and invariant checking and data assertions.
Certification and Accreditation
Command and Control
Component Change Proposals
Component Change Proposals
Central Analysis Facility
Captured Ammunition Holding Area
Center for Army Lessons Learned
Commercial-off-the-shelf and non-developmental-items
Capstone Requirements Document (CRD)
Identifies systems requirements to define a mission area and serves as a guide for operational requirements documents (ORD) development. CRDs can be a combination of two or more mission needs statements (MNS) and/or ORD programs. The CRD is the bridge between the MNS and program ORDs. It is a living document that reflects changes in threat or technologies. (TRADOC Pam 71-9) A document that contains capabilities-based requirements that facilitates the development of individual ORDs by providing a common framework and operational concept to guide their development. It is an oversight tool for overarching requirements for a system-of-systems or family-of-systems. (CJCSI 3170.01A)
Close Air Support
Combined Arms Support Command
CAS Rules Of Engagement
Computer-Aided Three-Dimensional Interactive Applications
Combined Arms Training Strategies
Constant Bit Rate
Configuration Control Board
Complementary Code Keying
Close Combat Tactical Trainer
Closed Circuit Television
Close CAS Zone
Component Design Description or Capability Development Document
Collaborative Development Initiative
Common Data Link
Code Division Multiple Access
Critical Design Review
Contract Data Requirements List
Captured Enemy Ammunition
Communications-Electronics Operations Instructions
Call for Fires
Computer Generated Forces
Common Ground Station
Command and General Staff College
Commander in Charge
Commander in Chief
Core Instrumentation Subsystem
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction
Compromise Key List
Command Line Interface
Camp Lejeune North Carolina
Contractor Logistics Support
Capability Maturity Model
Common Message Parser or Common Message Processor or Configuration Management Plan
Combat Maneuver Training Center
Cable News Network
Combat Net Radio
Course of Action
Civilians on the Battlefield
Combat Operations Center
Common Operating Environment or Contemporary Operating Environment
Combat Observation and Lasing Team
(AR 700-127) -- The command or agency responsible for concepts, doctrine, organization (excluding Army wholesale logistics), and system objectives and requirements.
Combined Air-land Battle Simulation
Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS)
Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS) is a member of the ATCCS and consolidates and collates the data required to integrate situational awareness of the combat service support mission areas. CSSCS will provide strategic and tactical commanders with information on ammunition and fuel supplies, medical and personnel status, transportation, maintenance services, general supply, and other field services.
Combat Training Center (CTC)
An Army program established to provide realistic joint service and combined arms training in accordance with Army doctrine. It is designed to provide training units opportunities to increase collective proficiency on the most realistic battlefield available during peacetime. The four components of the CTC Program are: (a) The National Training Center (b) The Combat Maneuver Training Center (c) The Joint Readiness Training Center (d) The Battle Command Training Program
Combined Arms Live Fire Exercise (CALFEX)
High-cost, resource-intensive exercises in which player units move or maneuver and employ organic and supporting weapons systems using full service ammunition with attendant integration of all combat, combat service, and combat service support functions.
Command Field Exercise (CFX)
A field training exercise with reduced unit and vehicle density but with full command and control, combat support, and combat service support elements (e.g., the platoon leader in his vehicle represents the entire platoon).
Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR)
The collection of equipment, software, and personnel required to obtain information and intelligence for a commander at any level to command those forces under his authority. The elements include but are not limited to: sensor data processing displays, communications, software, the concomitant systems engineering required to tie these technologies together, and the personnel to make these systems function. The functions also include information systems and information warfare.
Common Operating Picture
The Common Operational Picture (COP) is the means for the Commander-in-Chief (CINC) to view a fused picture of the CINC’s complete area of responsibility (AOR). It is a compilation of data from each of the Common Tactical Pictures (CTPs) combined with battle plans, projection overlays, and any other data that is available. The COP is defined by the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) COP Working Group in the Concept of Operations for Global Command and Control System as follows: The force disposition (Common Tactical Database) [CTD] and planning/amplifying data from each CTP is combined with any additional information produced by the CINC (Commander’s intent, battleplans, projection overlays, etc.) at one location to form the COP at the CINC-designated COP Correlation Site (CCS). The CINC now has a complete depiction of the AOR that can be accessed by the appropriate Global Command and Control System (GCCS) users worldwide. Also defined as a display of the operational-level situation, consisting of METT-T, CCIR, and MDMP data, seen at Corps and above workstations in real or rear-real time, used to enable operational decision-making. (ABCS CRD, Ver 1c)
Common Training Instrumentation Architecture (CTIA)
The CTIA is the architecture core of the Live Training Transformation Strategy. CTIA is the technical architecture that provides commonality across training instrumentation systems and interoperability across live, virtual, and constructive training systems. It consists of standards and protocols to be used by system developers and the core software component of training instrumentation systems.
Circumstances and environment in which a task is to be performed.
Concept of Operations
Models or simulations that involve simulated people operating simulated systems.
Common Object Request Broker Architecture
A reusable artifact that is used in one or more products in the product line. A core asset may be an architecture, source code, an interface control document, a database schema, a domain model, a requirements specification, a design document, a test plan, a test case, a process description, or any other useful element. (from CPM Operations Guide)
Commercial Off The Shelf
Crew Proficiency Course
Camp Pendleton California
Customer Premise Equipment
Cost Performance Index
Consolidated Product Line Management
Central Processing Unit
Command Post Exercise
Combat Search and Rescue
Computer Software Configuration Item
Corps Support Group
Carrier Sense Multiple Access
Communications Support Processor
Combat Service Support
Combat Synthetic Training Assessment Range
Channel Service Unit
Contingency Theater Automated Planning System
CAS Target Box
Common Training Instrumentation Architecture
Clear To Send
Central Technical Support Facility
Combined Training Exercise
Common Vehicle Instrumentation Initiative
Combat Vehicle Kill Indicator
Coarse Wave Division Multiplexing
Digital to Analog
Designated Approval Authority
Digital After Action Review Technology
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Direct Air Support Center
Domain Analysis Technical Report
Data Base Management System
Differential Binary Phase Shift Keying
Digital Battlestaff Sustainment Trainer
Data Communications Interface
Data Control Interface Units
Data Collection Plan
Data Collection System
Database Design Document
Data Distribution Manager or Data Distribution Management
Defense Information Infrastructure Common Operating Environment
The Defense Information Infrastructure Common Operating Environment (DII COE) concept is best described as a flexible architecture and approach for building interoperable systems. DII COE is an application-independent basis for DoD information system architectures. The DII-COE consists of reusable software components, a plugable framework and software infrastructure, and a set of guidelines and standards for developing, integrating, and packaging mission applications. The COE is a multifaceted concept. It is not a system, but is a foundation upon which open systems can be built. A foundation that provides functionality to target systems for services such as data manipulation, network communications, database storage and others. The COE includes rules, methodologies and tools, which form a framework for system development and integration. As a "plug and play" open architecture, the COE enables functionality to be easily added or removed from a target system in small manageable units called segments.
Digital Force Coordination Cell
Differential Global Positioning System
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
Department of Defense Information Assurance Certification & Accreditation Process
(DOD) (1) Representation of facts, concepts, or instructions in a formalized manner suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing by humans or by automatic means. (2) Any representations such as characters or analog quantities to which meaning is or might be assigned.
Digital Topographic Support System
DTSS is an automated system that provides tactical and operational commanders with geo-spatial information to support terrain visualization. DTSS is the Terrain Analysis tool that provides geo-spatial information and special mission specific products to ABCS for battlespace operations supporting EAC to Brigade and platform level. DTSS collects source material, manages digital terrain databases and distributes through a geo-spatial digital data storage device. The DTSS Geographic Information System (GIS) and imagery analysis software components allow the analyst to densify, manipulate, analyze, and produce standard and special topographic products for the battle commander. National and in-theater sources will provide new and enriched data to update the geo-spatial database. The DTSS uses established ABCS tactical and satellite communications means. (ABCS CRD, Ver 1c.)
Digitization is the application of technologies to acquire, exchange, and employ timely digital information throughout the battlespace, tailored to the needs of each decider (commander), shooter, and supporter. Digitization allows each soldier to maintain a clear and accurate vision of the common battlespace necessary to support planning and execution.
Defense Information Infrastructure
Distributed Interactive Simulation
Defense Information Systems Agency
Deployable Instrumented Training System
Defense Information Technology Security Certification and Accreditation Process
Data Link Services
Digital Multi-Purpose Range Complex
Defense Modeling and Simulation Office
Domain Name Server
Digital Non-secure Voice Terminal
Doctrine and tactics training
Training conducted on equipment, inter-operability, and management of new or cascaded equipment, considering comparison of new to older equipment, and associated threats.
Department of Defense
Department of Defense Architectural Framework
Department of Defense Directive
Department of Defense Instruction
DOD Intelligence Information System
Directorate of Information Management
An iterative process for the design and development of: (1) a product family and (2) an application engineering process for producing members of the product family. Domain engineering is an activity for building reusable components. For domain engineering to be successful, organizations must understand the similarities and differences among components used to build software applications. Domain engineering addresses the systematic creation of domain models and architectures. Domain engineering also supports application engineering, which uses the models and architectures to build systems. The emphasis is on reuse and product lines.
Domain implementation is the product implementation and process support that is aimed at satisfying a domain specification. Domain implementation is the process of identifying reusable components based on the domain model and domain architecture. Using the domain knowledge gathered during domain analysis, and the domain architecture developed during the domain design, domain engineers acquire and, where necessary, create reusable assets, which are catalogued into a component library for use by application engineers. These reusable components, as well as application generators and domain languages, are the principal outputs of this phase of domain engineering. Creation, management, and maintenance of a repository of reusable assets are also an important part of domain implementation.
Dynamic Object-Oriented Requirements System
Defense Reutilization and Marketing Organization
Differentiated Services Code Point
Dynamic Source Routing
Digital Services Unit
Digital Terrain Database
Division Tactical Exploitation System
Digital Tactical Monitoring and Recording
Division Tactical Operations Center
Digital Video Disk
Dense Wave Division Multiplexing
Echelons Above Brigade
Echelons Above Corps
Echelons Above Division
Engineering Change Proposal
Electronic Field Production
Essential Fire Support Task
The capability of electronic equipment or systems to be operated in the intended operational electromagnetic environment at the designed levels of efficiency.
Electromagnetic Environmental Effects
The impact of the electromagnetic environment upon the operational capability of military forces, equipment, systems, and platforms. It encompasses all electromagnetic disciplines, including electromagnetic compatibility; electromagnetic interference; electromagnetic vulnerability; electromagnetic pulse; electronic protection; hazards of electromagnetic radiation to personnel, ordnance, and volatile materials; and natural phenomena effects of lightning and p-static.
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
Impairment of the reception of a wanted electromagnetic signal caused by an electromagnetic disturbance.
Electronic Warfare (EW)
Any military action involving the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy. It includes the three major subdivisions of electronic attack, electronic protection, and EW support. EA is the use of either electromagnetic or directed energy to attack personnel, facilities, or equipment with intent of degrading, neutralizing, or destroying enemy combat capability. EP is the protection of friendly combat capabilities against the undesired effects of friendly or enemy use of EW. ES involves actions tasked by, or under the direct control of, an operational commander to search for, intercept, identify, and locate sources of intentional and unintentional radiated electromagnetic energy for the purpose of immediate threat recognition (Joint Pub 1-02).
Embedded systems are platforms with digital system components providing functions and processes which are integrated to such an extent that they cannot be considered as discrete entities during development, testing, or production of the system.
Training that is provided by capabilities designed to be built into or added onto operational systems to enhance and maintain the skill proficiency necessary to operate and maintain that equipment end item. AR 71-9 states: Embedded Training-Training that is provided by capabilities designed to be built into or added onto operational systems to enhance and maintain the skill proficiency necessary to operate and maintain that system. Embedded training capabilities encompass four training categories: (1) Category A- Individual/operator. To attain and sustain individual, maintenance, and system orientation skills. (2) Category B- Crew. To sustain combat ready crews/teams. This category builds on skills acquired from Category A. (3) Category C-Functional. To train or sustain commander, staff, and crew/teams within each functional area to be utilized in their operational role. (4) Category D-Force Level (Combined Arms Command and Battle Staff). To train or sustain combat ready commanders and battle staffs utilizing the operational systems in its combat operational role.
Engineering & Management Development
Effects Management Tool
Electronic News Gathering
1) In air defense, an attack with guns or air to air missiles by an interceptor aircraft, or the launch of an air defense missile by air defense artillery and the missiles subsequent travel to intercept. 2). A tactical conflict, usually between opposing lower echelons maneuver forces. (JP 102)
Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (EPLRS)
That portion of the Army Data Distribution System (ADDS) utilized to move low-medium volumes of data traffic between OPFACS with an operational requirement. Message traffic includes FBCB2 VMF/JVWF, USMTF Data, and FAAD Data Link (FDL) between a number of C2 Nodes, sensor nodes, and shooters.
All factors such as meteorology, geography and electro-magnetic emissions.
Environmental and Occupational Health Threats
Threats to military personnel health and military readiness created by exposures to hazardous agents contained in or produced by weapon systems (conventional warfare weapons, NBC weapons, toxic industrial chemicals & materials, and radiation), as well as exposures to other environmental contamination (i.e. diseases, illnesses born from poor sanitary conditions, heat, cold, altitude, etc.).
Environmental Protection Agency
Electronically Steerable Antenna
Environment, Safety and Operational Health
Encapsulating Security Payload
Extended Service Set Identifier
Enlisted Terminal Attack Controllers
Exportable Training Capability
Earned Value Management
A military maneuver or simulated wartime operation involving planning, preparation, and execution. It is carried out for the purpose of training and evaluation. It may be combined, joint, or single service exercise, depending on participating organizations. (JCS Pub 1)
Federal Aviation Administration
Forward Area Air Defense
FAAD Engagement Operations
Forward Air Controller
Forward Air Controller (Airborne)
(AR 700-127) -- The permanent or semipermanent real property assets specifically required to support the system. Includes facilities for training, equipment storage, maintenance, contractor, ammunition storage, mobile shop storage, classified storage, troop housing, fuels and lubricant storage, and special facility requirements.
Frequency Assignment Retrieval System
Family of Scatterable Mines
Functional Configuration Audit
Federal Communications Commission
Future Combat Systems
Foreign Comparative Test
Forward Direction Center
FAAD Data Link
A set of optional and varying feature choices specified for the product line. Each product in a product line has a feature profile that defines the set of features from which the product is comprised. (from CPM Operations Guide)
Forward Error Correction
Frame Error Rate
Field Training Exercises (FTX)
Exercise conducted under simulated combat conditions in the field. FTXs fully integrate the total force in a realistic combat environment. They involve combat arms, CS, and CSS units. FTXs encompass such training as battle drills, crew drills, and STXs to reinforce soldier and collective training integration. They are used to train the commander, staff, subordinate units, and slice elements.
Federal Information Processing Statndards
Fire Coordination Exercise (FCX)
Trains the combined arms team chain of command and related fire control elements to rapidly synchronize fires on the battlefield. The exercise uses reduced-scale targets and ranges to depict combat situation.
Fire Support Simulation
Fire Support Team
Field Manual or Frequency Modulated
Full Operational Capability
Feature-Oriented Domain Analysis
Federation Object Model
Fiber Optic Network
(AR 71-11) - The composition, by numbers and types of units, of the current, planned, or programmed force for the Total Army (for example), “program force structure”). Unless otherwise stated, all units within a specified force structure are assumed to be manned and equipped at 100 percent TOE requirements.
Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2)
Force XXI Battle Command Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2) provides an integrated command and control system that extends horizontally across all Battlefield Operating Systems (BOS) and vertically from individual squad/platform to brigade/regimental headquarters. It also provides the technology to complete the ABCS information flow process from brigade down to platform and across all platforms within the brigade task force. FBCB2 provides commanders the ability to remotely operate and maintain ABCS database connectivity, regardless of command vehicle, and to digitally control and monitor their subordinate units status and position. Interoperable FBCB2 systems shall enhance the Battle Commanders’ ability to have a detailed picture of the battlefield (Situational Awareness), maximize force survivability and facilitate battlefield synchronization to reduce or destroy the enemy’s capability to fight. It also provides a seamless, holistic battle command capability to leaders of all combat, combat support, and combat service support units performing missions at the tactical level of operations.
Family of Systems
Force on Target
Fire Support Battalion
Fire Support Control/Coordinating Measure
Fire Support Element
Fire Support Execution Matrix
Fire Support Officer
File Transfer Protocol
Family of Training Systems
Future Years Defense Program
Geographic Area Routing
General Attribute Registration Protocol
Gigabits per second
Ground Control Elements
Ground Control Station
Ground Force Commander
Government Furnished Equipment
Government Furnished Information
Government Furnished Property
Global Command and Control System (GCCS)
The Global Command and Control System (GCCS) is a collection of broadly connected joint systems that provide total battlespace information to the warrior.
Global Command and Control System – Army (GCCS-A)
The Global Command and Control System – Army (GCCS-A) is the Army component of the Joint Global Command and Control System (GCCS). AGCCS will be built from application programs developed by the Army World Wide Military Command and Control system (WWMCCS) Information System (AWIS), the Standard Theater Command and Control System (STCCS), and the Echelon Above Corps (EAC) portion of the Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS).
General Purpose Interface Bus
General Packet Radio Service
Global Positioning System
Global Systems for Mobile Communications
Grafenwoehr Training Area
Graphical User Interface
GARP VLAN Registration Protocol
High Assurance Internet Protocol Interoperability Specification
Helmet Detection Assembly
High Capacity Line of Sight
Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation to Ordnance
Human Factors Engineering
High Density Airspace Control Zone
High Level Architecture (HLA)
A general-purpose architecture for simulation reuse and interoperability.
Homestation Instrumented Training System
Highly Mobile Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle
High Payoff Target
High Payoff Target List
Hohenfels Training Area
Hyper Text Markup Language
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
High Value Target
Hardware Configuration Item
Identification and Authentication
In Accordance With
Initial Capability Assessment
Interface Control Document
Integrated Collaborative Electronic Environment
Integrated Concept Team
Info-Centric Tool Suite
Interface Control Working Group
Interface Design Document
Integrated Development Environment
Integrated Digital Enhanced Network
The determination of allegiance of a target i.e. friend or foe.
Interface Definition Language
Intrusion Detection System
Improvised Explosive Device
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
Internet Engineering Task Force
Intelligence and Electronic Warfare
Intelligence/Electronic Warfare Tactical Proficiency Trainer
Infantry Fighting Vehicle
Internet Group Management Protocol
Integrated GPS Radio System
Integrated Graphical User Interface
Internet Key Exchange
Integrated Meteorological System
Integrated Management Plan
Integrated Master Schedule
Initial Military Training
Information Operations (IO)
Continuous military operations within the Military Information Environment that enable, enhance, and protect the commander's decision cycle and mission execution to achieve an information advantage across the full range of military operations. IO includes interacting with GIE and, as required, exploiting or degrading an adversary's information and decision systems. Effects of IO produce significant military advantage for forces conducting such operations. (TRADOC Pam 525-69)
Information Warfare (IW)
Actions taken to preserve the integrity of one's own information system from exploitation, corruption, or destruction while at the same time exploiting, corrupting, or destroying an adversary's information system and in the process achieving an information advantage in the application of force. (TRADOC Pam 525-69)
Installation Information Infrastructure Modernization Program
DSIC4 program to upgrade Army Installation information infrastructure. Three components are MACOM Telephone Modernization Program, Outside Cable Rehabilitation, and Army Gateway Program.
Exercise participants that have instrumentation equipment associated with them. These include personnel, ground vehicles, helicopters, fixed wing aircraft, weapon systems, and targets.
(JP 1-02, NATO) - The ability of systems, units, or forces to provide services to, and accept services from other systems, units, or forces and to use the services so exchanged to enable them to operate effectively together. (DoD) - The condition achieved among communications-electronics systems or items of communications-electronics equipment when information or services can be exchanged directly and satisfactorily between them and / or their users. The degree of interoperability should be defined when referring to specific cases. (AR 71-9) - Interoperability of a tactical automated system is the ability of two or more systems to directly exchange and process data.
Initial Operational Capability
Intelligent Optical Switch
Information Operations Warfare
Initial Position or Internet Protocol
Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace
Internet Protocol Header Compression
Integrated Product and Process Development
Integrated Product Team
Internetwork Packet eXchange
Internal Research and Development
Interface Requirements Specification
Intermediate Staging Base
Integrated Services Digital Network
International Standards Organization
Information Support Plan
International Traffic in Arms Regulations
Individual Training Evaluation Plan
Instrumented Tactical Engagement Simulation System
International Telecommunications Union - Telecommunications
Joint Common Database
Joint Force Commander
Joint Force Land Component
Joint Interoperability Training
Joint Mission Essential Task List
Joint Mapping Tool Kit
Joint National Training Center
Joint National Test Facility
Joint Technical Architecture (JTA)
The Joint Technical Architecture (JTA) provides the "building codes" which, when implemented, permit this flow of information in support of the Warfighter. The JTA identifies a common set of mandatory information technology standards and guidelines to be used in all new and upgraded C4I acquisitions across DoD. The JTA standards are to be used for sending and receiving information (information transfer standards such as Internet Protocol suite), for understanding the information (information content and format standards such as data elements, or image interpretation standards) and for processing that information. The JTA also includes a common human-computer interface and "rules" for protecting the information (i.e., information system security standards).
Joint Readiness Training Center (Ft. Polk)
Joint Semi-Automated Forces
Joint Spectrum Center
Joint Simulation System
Joint Technical Architecture Army
Joint Terminal Air/Attack Controller
Joint Tactical Air Strike Request
Joint Task Force Commander
Joint Tactical Information Distribution System
Joint Training Master Schedule
Joint Training Plan
Joint Tactical Radio System
Joint Training System
Joint Training Exercise
Key Performance Parameters
Key Performance Parameters (KPP) address capabilities or characteristics so significant that failure to meet the threshold can be cause for reevaluating the concept or system and for reassessing or terminating a program.
LT2 Risk Management Software
Thousand Source Lines of Code
Local Area Network
Life Cycle Contractor Support
Life Cycle Management Plan
Line of Departure
Leadership Development Center
Used with the intent to cause death. Capable of causing death.
Live Fire Exercise (LFX)
Exercise that is resource-intensive; player units maneuver and employ organic and supporting weapons systems using full-service ammunition. LFXs integrate all combat arms, CS, and CSS elements. The extensive range and resource requirements usually limit them to platoon and company team levels. Consequently, their principal focus is unit and weapons integration at company team level. LFXs provide realistic training on collective and soldier skills.
A simulation involving real people operating real systems. The degree of human participation is infinitely variable, as is the degree of equipment realism.
Training executed in field conditions using tactical equipment, enhanced by training aids, devices, simulators, and simulations (TADSS) and Tactical Engagement Simulation (TES) to simulate combat conditions.
Live Training Environment (LTE)
Live training uses go-to-war systems and synthetic training systems, on real terrain, operating in the full range of actual battlefield day/night/adverse weather environmental conditions. During live training events, units deploy against an OPFOR and use actual or simulated systems and weapons equipped with tactical engagement simulators to replicate combat weapons effects and battle damage.
Lockheed Martin Simulation Training and Support
Local Multi-point Distribution System
Link Management Entity
Location Management Server
Light Medium Tactical Vehicle
Line of Bearing
Low Rate Initial Production
Line Replaceable Unit
Lead System Integrator
Laser Safety Review Board
Live Training Transformation
Live Training Transformation
Live Virtual Constructive
LVC Training Environment
Media Access Control or Mission Assurance Category
Marine Air Command and Control System
Major Army Command
Marine Air-Ground Task Force
Marine Air Ground Task Force Training Center
The ability of a system to be retained in or restored to a specified operational status within a given period of time, when the maintenance is performed in accordance with prescribed procedures and resources.
Set of activities performed by means of specified resources on a system to retain it in or restore it to a specified operational status.
Mobile Automated Instrumentation Suite
Metropolitan Area Network
Mobile Ad Hoc Networking
Maneuver Control System (MCS)
MCS is the primary battle command (BC) source, providing the common picture, decision aids and overlay capabilities to support the tactical commander and the staff via interface with the force level information database populated from the other BFAs. MCS provides the functional applications necessary to access and manipulate the JCDB. MCS will satisfy information requirements for a specific operation, track resources, display situational awareness, effect timely control of current combat operations (offense, defense, stability and support), and effectively develop and distribute plans, orders and estimates in support of future operations. It will support the military decision making process. MCS will be deployed from Corps to the maneuver battalions. (ABCS CRD, Ver 1c.)
Man-Portable Air Defense
Manpower and Personnel Integration
MANPRINT is the comprehensive technical effort to identify and integrate all relevant information and considerations regarding the full range of manpower, personnel capabilities, training development and delivery, human factors engineering, systems safety, health hazards, and soldier survival into the system development and acquisition process to improve soldier performance, total system performance, and reduce the cost of ownership to an acceptable level throughout the entire life cycle of a system. MANPRINT is the Army’s human systems integration process for systems acquisition.
Marine Corps Systems Command
Modular Armored Combat House
Megabits per second
Mega bits per second
Marine Corps Training Improvised Explosive Device
Marine Corps Base
Marine Corps Base Hawaii
Marine Corps Base Quantico
MILES Communication Code
MILES Communication Code 97
Military Communications Electronics Board
Mine Clearing Line Charger
Marine Corps Mountain Warfare Training Center
Major Combat Operation or Marine Corps Order
Marine Corps Operational Test and Evaluation Activity
Marine Corps Special Orders
Maneuver Combat Training Center
Marine Corps War fighting Lab
Military Decision Making Process
Mine Effects Simulator
Multinational Force Commander
Management Information Base
Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System
(1) (DOD) 1. The task, together with the purpose, that clearly indicates the action to be taken and the reason therefore. 2. In common usage, especially when applied to lower military units, a duty assigned to an individual or unit; a task. 3. The dispatching of one or more aircraft to accomplish one particular task. (2) (FM 25-100) The primary task assigned to an individual, unit, or force. It usually contains the elements of who, what, when, where, and the reasons therefore, but seldom specifies how.
Mission Essential Task List (METL)
A compilation of collective mission essential tasks that must be successfully performed if an organization is to accomplish its wartime mission(s). (FM25-100)
Mission Needs Statement (MNS)
A formatted non-system-specific statement containing operational capability needs and written in broad operational terms. It describes operational capabilities and constraints to be studied during the [acquisition] Concept Exploration and Definition Phase. (CJCSI 3170.01A)
Mission Profile (MP)
A time-phased description of the events and environments a system experiences from initiation to completion of a specified mission.
Mission Support Training Complex (MSTC)
The MSTC, a Strike Force Term, is an evolving concept. For the First Digital Division certification exercise, the facility is called the collective training support facility (CTSF). For the Initial Brigade, the facility is referred to as the Mission Training Support Facility (MTSF). When the new Army Training Strategy is published, it is anticipated that a like type facility will be part of the “wrap around” and “Reach-back” concepts.
Mobile Independent Target System
Multi-channel Multi-point Distribution System or Multipoint Microwave Distribution System
Modular Semi-Automated Forces
Measure Of Effectiveness
Military Operations Other than War
Measure Of Performance
Military Operational Specialty
Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain
Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain/Restrictive Terrain
Moving Picture Experts Group
Multiprotocol Label Switching
MSE Packet Network
Motorized Rifle Battalion
Mission Rehearsal Exercise
Mobile Remote Emitter System
Minimum Risk Route/Low Level Transit Route
Maintenance Review Team
Major Subordinate Command or Mobile Internet Switching Controller
Mobile Subscriber Equipment
Mean Sea Level
Main Supply Routes
Mobile Subscriber Radiotelephone Terminal
Maneuver Training Area
Modification Table of Organization and Equipment
Master Training/Test Plan
Mean Time to Restore
Mobile Vehicle Unit or Mobile Video Unit
Mobile Wireless Internet Forum
NTC-OIS Acquisition Center
Named Area of Interest
North American Treaty Alliance
Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division
National Command Authority
Nationwide Differential GPS
Non Developmental Item
Neighbor Discovery Protocol
National Environmental Protection Act
New Equipment Training (NET)
(TRADOC Reg 350-70) – An initial transfer of knowledge, gained during equipment development, from the materiel developer/ provider to the trainer, user, supporter.
Network File System
New Generation of Army Targetry
Naval Gun Fire Support
Non Interactive Rolling Combat Power
Network Interface Controller
National Imagery and Mapping Agency
National Institute for Standards and Technology
No Later Than
Non Mission Capable
National Maritime Electronics Association
Not made to cause death; not intentionally deadly; term used to describe capabilities with affect targets, temporarily or permanently without intentionally causing death to personnel or without unnecessary destruction or environmental damage.
Non-Lethal Antimaterial (NLM)
Similar to NLT, but encompassing weapons and ordnance designed to incapacitate material and vehicles rather than humans.
Capabilities employed with the intent to compel or deter adversaries by acting on human capabilities or mater while minimizing killing and destruction of equipment or facilities.
Non-Lethal Technology (NLT)
Synonymous with NLW, but also encompassing more advanced technology which is not yet available for use by military forces.
Non-Lethal Weapons (NLW)
Weapons explicitly designed and primarily employed so as to incapacitate personnel or material, while minimizing fatalities, permanent injury to personnel, and undesired damage to property.
Targets used for engagements greater than 50 meters. These targets are 2D pop-up type that can be engaged by support by fire elements and teams when presented.
National Parks and Conservation Association
National Security Agency
Naval Surface Fire Support
Naval Surface Warfare Center
National Training Center
National Training Center - Instrumentation System
National Training Center - Objective Instrumentation System
National Telecommunications and Information Administration
Network Time Protocol
Operations and Maintenance
Operation & Support
Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer
Combined arms subject-matter experts (SME) who design tactical training exercises, observe and assess individual and collective training performance, teach and coach their unit counterparts, and provide training performance feedback. At the MCTC’s, the OPSGP O/C organization parallels that of the units undergoing CTC training. This strategy ensures sufficient personnel to measure the performance of individuals and units in battle and collective tasks and to assist in scenario execution. The O/Cs accompany the unit throughout all phases of force-on-force and live-fire training.
See Observer/Controller. Usually associated with the Active Component training program for the Reserve components, administered by Forces Command.
Observer Controller Communication System
Outside Continental United States
Open Database Connectivity
Other Direct Charges
Original Equipment Manufacturer
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
Optical Internetworking Forum
Objective Instrumentation System
Optimized Link-State Routing
Object Model Template
One Semi-Automated Forces
One Tactical Engagement Simulation System
Object Oriented Analysis
OneSAF Objective System
An operational architecture establishes the basic framework and structure for what is to be built. An Operational Architecture defines the field deployment of the system components to the force by echelon, unit type, equipment, and information exchange requirements. Operational architecture (AO) contains text, graphic models to show functions and information required, graphics representations of how the Army organizes and equips to execute C4 processes, and a data base to provide detailed characteristics about information exchanges, such as format (voice/data/imagery), speed of service, perishability, and criticality. The OA will show relationships among organizations and functions in terms of the information they need, use, and exchange. It also addresses the platforms and equipment that are to be available, as well as the methodology to upgrade and interoperate with platforms containing embedded processors.
Operational Mode Summary (OMS)
A description of the expected percentage of use for each mission profile and the environmental conditions for which the system was designed.
Operational Requirements Document (ORD)
A formatted-statement containing performance (operational effectiveness and suitability) and related operational parameters for the proposed system. The operational requirements document will be initially prepared during Phase 0 "Concept Exploration and Definition". It will be updated during Phase 1, "Demonstration and Validation."
Optimal Network Performance
Opposing Force Materiel
The Live CRD defines OPFOR as a family of equipment supporting six architectural elements OPFOR armor, OPFOR fire support, OPFOR, aviation, OPFOR air defense, OPFOR engineer, and OPFOR radioelectronic.
Object Request Broker
Operational Requirements Document
Office of the Secretary of Defense
Open Systems Interconnect
Open Shortest Path First
OneSAF Test Bed
Over The Network Keying
Production & Deployment
Personal Area Network
Port Address Translation
Private Branch Exchange
Point Coordinator or Personal Computer
Point Coordination Function
Personal Communications Service
Player Control Unit
Personal Digital Assistant
Player Detection Device or Personal Detection Device or Product Definition Document or Product Design Document
Product Deployment Plan
Preliminary Design Review or Product Design Review
Post Deployment Software/System Sustainment
Player Data Unit or Protocol Data Unit
Personal Electronic Device
Program Executive Office for Simulation, Training and Instrumentation
Precision Guided Missile
Precision Gunnery System
Proprietary Information Agreement
Personal Identification Number
Program Integration Plan
Public Key Infrastructure
Product Line Architecture
Product Line Architecture Framework
Product Line Architecture Specification
Same as Instrumented Participant. Instrumented Participant is the preferred term.
Product Line Deployment
Product Line Engineering
Product Lifecycle Management
The capabilities of the system to automatically recognize, control, and communicate with system peripherals (e.g. targetry, Battlefield Effects Simulators (BES), audio/video collection device).
Program Manager Combat Training Instrumentation Systems
Program Manager Digital Training
Program Manager Live Training Systems
Program Manager Training Devices
Program Manager Training Systems
Program Manager Digitized Terrain
Program Manager Live Training Systems
Program Management Integrated Team
Program Management Office
Priority Of Fires
Power-On Self Test
Program Protection Plan
Targets used in 50 meters or less engagements. Precision targets support short distance engagements that are quick violent, and deadly. Target discrimination is trained by presenting life size 3D precision targets that replicate, enemy (uniformed w/ weapons and equipment), non-combatant male, female, non uniformed combatant (civilian militia, guerrilla etc.) precision hit sensors respond only to lethal shot placement. The torso lethal zone is 18”X8” and neck head lethal zone is 4”X8”.
An Army organization or staff which has been assigned primary responsibility for materiel or subject matter in its area of interest, i.e., proponent school, proponent staff agency, proponent center, etc.
The TRADOC school designated by the CG, TRADOC or other appropriate MACOM as Training/TD (Task) Proponent to exercise management of all combat/training development aspects of a materiel system, functional area, or task. It analyzes, designs, develops, implements and evaluates training/training products for proponency area.
Proactive Routing Protocol
Product Safety Report
Public Switched Telephone Network
Product Tracking Report
Plan View Display
Quadrant Adjustment Protocol
Quality of Service
Reliability & Maintainability
Reconnaissance / Surveillance
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service
Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
The radial distance from a launcher to a target or other object.
Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
Range Communication System
Research Development and Acquisition
Relational Database Management System
Range Data Management System
Range Data System
Ricochet Danger Zone
The ability of a system to perform its required functions with correct and consistent results over a period of time.
Remotely Monitored Battlefield Sensor System
Radio Frequency Interference
Request for Proposal
(Marine Corps) Range Instrumentation System
Range Instrumentation System Control
Range Modernization and Transformation
Risk Management Board
Risk Management Information Systems
Rules of Engagement
Robust Header Compression
Rough Order of Magnitude
Restricted Operation Zone
Reverse Path Forwarding
Real-time Platform Reference
Reactive Routing Protocol
Resilient Packet Ring
Radar Simulation System
Range and Training Area Management
Real Time Casualty Assessment
Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services
Returned To Duty
Run Time Infrastructure
Real Time Kinematic
Requirements Traceability Matrix
Run-Time Services or Request to Send
Requirements Verification Matrix
Battalion or Brigade Intelligence Staff Officer
Battalion or Brigade Operations Staff Officer
Surface to Air or Situation Awareness
Standard Army Aviation Flight Route
Semi-Automated Force/Computer Generated Force
Surface to Air Missile
Standard Army Maintenance Management System
Service Access Point
Single Attachment Station
Small Arms Transmitter
Situational Awareness Tactical Internet Data Server
Standard Army Training System
Simulated Area Weapons Effects
Stryker Brigade Combat Team
Space Based Infrared Systems / Wargaming Model
The over-arching environment, background, theme (e.g., ‘story’) that provides the stage for the conduct of an exercise.
Sensitive Compartmented Information
Southern California Logistics Airport
Software Development Plan
Subcontract Data Requirements List
Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses
Software Engineering Environment
System External Gateway
Software Engineering Institute
Systems Engineering Integration Team
A concept that describes a capability to organize data given a use case and user. This implies some artificial intelligence or computer aided decision capability. Examples might be automatically generating training support materials based on a new METL task or recognizing training preferences based on student profiles. The concept is contained in AT XXI Campaign plan, AT XXI Technical Architecture as well as DoD work on a sharable courseware objects.
Systems Engineering Management Plan
Systems Engineering Plan
Software (or Systems) Engineering Process Group
Special Effect Small Arms Marking System
Systems Engineering and Technical Assistance
Systems Engineering, Interoperability, Architectures and Technology
Simulation to C4I Interface
Simulation In Training for Enhanced Readiness
Simulation C4I Interface Module for Plans
Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS)
A family of VHF-FM combat net radios which has the capability to transmit and receive voice, tactical data and record traffic messages and is consistent with NATO interoperability requirements.
Situational Awareness (SA)
Knowledge of one’s location; the location of friendly and hostile forces; and of external factors, such as terrain, weather, etc., that may affect one’s capability to perform a mission. (Army Digitization Master Plan 1 Mar 99) Commanders, staffs, units, and soldiers/weapon platforms at all echelons require the means to optimally utilize all battle command information available that affects their area of operations. SA is a state of understanding gained through decisions made from knowledge supplied by a graphical Common Picture of the battlefield consisting as a minimum of the; enemy situation (location, resources, status, and possible actions), friendly situation (location, resources, and status), and the logistics situation (location and status). (ABCS CRD, Ver 1c.)
Situational Training Exercise (STX)
Mission-related, limited exercises designed to train one collective task or a group of related tasks and drills through practice. STXs teach the standard, preferred method for carrying out the task. They are more flexible than drills and usually include drills, leader tasks, and soldier tasks. STXs may be modified based on the unit METL or expanded to meet special mission requirements. To ensure standardization, service schools develop STXs to teach the doctrinally preferred way to perform specific missions or tasks.
Standoff Land-Attack Missile Expanded Response
Soldier Level Integrated Communications Environment
Source Lines of Code
Secure Messaging and Routing Terminal
Subject Matter Expert
Spectrum Monitoring and Engineering Control Subsystem
Spectrum Monitoring Intelligence Feedback System
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
Synthetic Natural Environment
Simple Network Management Protocol
Simulation of the Architecture
Special Operations Forces
(AR 70-75) -That characteristic of soldiers that enables them to withstand (or avoid) adverse military action (both friend and foe) or the effects of natural phenomena that would result in the loss of capability to continue effective performance of the prescribed mission. System design considerations for soldier survivability are a combination of, but not limited to, those system characteristics which: a. reduce fratricide; b. reduce detectability of the soldier; c. prevent attack on the soldier, if detected; d. prevent bodily damage, if attacked; e. minimize medical injury, if wounded; f. reduce physical and mental fatigue; and g. prevent adverse impact on health and performance due to health threats in the natural environment (disease, toxic contaminants, climatic and terrestrial extremes).
Simulation Object Model
Statement of Objectives
Standing Operating Procedure
System of Systems
Statement of Work
Schedule Performance Index
Special Purpose Integrated Remote Intelligence Terminal
Standard Query Language
Schedule Risk Assessment
System Requirements Review
Software Requirements Specification
Standard Simulation Center
System/Subsystem Design Description
Source Specific Multicast
Standard Single-Mode Fibers
Standard After Action Review System
Stability and Support Operations (SASO)
Peacetime operations to include, but are not limited to, security assistance, nation assistance, search and rescue, civil affairs (CA), noncombatant evacuation (NEO), peacekeeping, shows of force, support to counter-drug operations, and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.
(DOD, NATO) An exact value, a physical entity, or an abstract concept, established and defined by authority, custom, or common consent to serve as a reference, model, or rule in measuring quantities or qualities, establishing practices or procedures, or evaluating results. A fixed quantity or quality.
As applicable to Army training means: (1) The development and implementation of performance standards that the Army employs in training and in combat. (2) Units and soldiers performing the same task will be trained to perform that task to the same standard. (3) Training products are produced in one format by the training proponent and used by other training activities. (4) AR 71-9 The process of developing concepts, doctrines, procedures, and designs to achieve and maintain the most effective levels of compatibility, interoperability, interchangeability and commonality in the field of operations, administration, and materiel. Standardization is the process by which nations achieve the closest practicable cooperation among forces, the most efficient use of research, development, and production resources, and items.
Software Test Descriptions
System Technical Monitoring
STRICOM Omnibus Contract
Synthetic Theater of War Army
Software Test Plan
Software Test Report
That characteristic of a system and its support system design that provides for sustained system performance, at a required readiness level, when supported in accordance with specified concepts and procedures.
(1) Includes all aspects of protecting personnel, weapons, equipment, and supplies while simultaneously deceiving the enemy. (2) Encompasses planning and locating position sites, designing adequate overhead cover, analyzing terrain conditions and construction materials, selecting excavation methods, and countering the effects of direct and indirect fire weapons. (DoD 5000.2-R) - The capability of a system and crew to avoid or withstand a man-made hostile environment without suffering an abortive impairment of its ability to accomplish its designated mission. The ability to withstand an direct or near attack and continue operations.
Used to reinforce previous training and/or sustain/regain previously acquired skills and knowledge. ST is: -- Related to course-specific training objectives. -- Performed under prescribed conditions and must meet prescribed performance standards. -- Usually takes place in the unit to sustain or retrain a previously required proficiency level; may be trained to prepare an individual for institutional training, i.e., meet prerequisite training requirements. May take place in a course during/outside of POI time.
Software Version Description
SW or S/W
Synthetic Training Environment
The STE is the integration of high level architecture compliant live, virtual, and constructive training systems into the ABCS common operating environment creating a common “train as we fight” battle space. This system of systems supports strategic, operational, and tactical mission driven scenarios developed from the universal joint task list, army universal task list, and mission essential task list. Army Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) stimulation interfaces automate the information flow between ABCS subsystems. (TEMO CRD – STE)
A system architecture is the technical companion document to the Operational Architecture. It establishes the specific hardware needed to provide the connectivity required in the Operational Architecture. The System Architecture is a description of the physical connectivity of an information system which includes: identification of all equipment and their physical deployment; the specification of such parameters as the bandwidth required on each circuit; and the description-including graphics-of technical characteristics and interconnection of all parts of an information system. The system architecture can be developed for an individual system or at higher levels to depict the integration of numerous systems in to a system of systems architecture.
Terms and Conditions
Test & Evaluation
Training-Counter Radio Electronic Warfare Two
Test Inspection Report
Tactical Assembly Area
Tactical Air Control/Command Center
Tactical Fire Direction System
Tank-automotive and Armaments Command
Tactical Air Control Party/Post
Theatre Air Control System
Tactical and Administrative Control Documents
Exercise/scenario support plans and documents are the total of all administrative and tactical control documents that support the five umbrella functional uses cases derived from the Live CRD Functional Architecture (i.e., Exercise Planning, System Preparation).
Tactical Engagement Simulation (TES)
An advanced collective training methodology supported by a family of TADSS used in free-play, force-on-force, field training exercises. This live simulation training system includes unique curriculum, specially trained military and civilian instructors, and life cycle contractor support personnel worldwide.
Tactical Engagement Simulation System (TESS)
TESS are the systems (e.g., MILES, TWGSS/PGS, OneTESS, etc.) used in support of TES. These system provide a simulation of the casualty producing effects of weapons and support assessment of training performance through the recording of tactical engagement events.
Training Analysis and Feedback
Target Area of Interest
Tactical Airspace Integration System
The ACE ORB
Tactical Air Request Net
Tactical Aerial Reconnaissance Patrol or Training Augmentation Range Package
A clearly defined and measurable activity accomplished by individuals and organizations. Tasks are specific activities, which contribute to the accomplishment of encompassing missions or other requirements. (FM 25-100)
To Be Determined
Topology-Based Reverse Path Forwarding
Tactical Common Data Link
Technology Capability Grouping
Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
Tactical Control System
Table Of Distribution and Allowance(s)
Tactical Related Applications (TRAP) Data Dissemination System
Time Division Multiplexing
Time Division Multiple Access
Training and Education Capabilities Division
A technical architecture is a minimal set of rules governing the arrangement, interaction, and interdependence of the parts of an information system. The purpose of the Technical Architecture is to ensure that a conformant system satisfies a specific set of requirements. A technical architecture is comparable to a building code, not telling you what to build (i.e., the operational architecture) nor how to build (i.e., the systems architecture), but rather delineating the standards to which build to and to pass inspection. The technical architecture identifies a framework of standards and includes top-level systems specifications, and architectural diagrams for technical interface specifications.
Training Education Command
Test and Training Enabling Architecture
Tactical Engagement Simulation
Tactical Exercise Without Troops
Take Home Package
Telecommunications Industry Association
Tactical Information Broadcast Service
Training Initiatives Office
Training Liaison Officer
Time Modulated Ultra Wide Band
Tactical Operations Center
Total Ownership Cost Reduction
Table of Organization and Equipment
Type of Service
Time on Target
Training Performance Data
Training Performance Feedback
Technical Performance Measure
Technical Readiness Assessments
TRADOC Analysis Center
Training and Doctrine Command
(1) Educator. A person with a higher proficiency level in a specific are of interest. (2) A physical object used to convey a higher level of proficiency; this object is usually instrumented for feedback and performance evaluation.
Training aids, devices, simulators, and simulations (TADSS)
(AR 71-9) - TADSS which simulate or demonstrate the function of equipment or weapon systems. These items are categorized as follows: (a) Standalone TADSS. An autonomous item of training equipment designed to enhance or support individual or collective. (b) Embedded. Training that is provided by capabilities designed to be built into or added onto operational systems to enhance and maintain the skill proficiency necessary to operate and maintain that system. Embedded training capabilities encompass four training categories: (1) Category A – Individual/operator. To attain and sustain individual, maintenance, and system orientation skills. (2) Category B – Crew. To sustain combat ready crews/teams. This category builds on skills acquired from Category A. (3) Category C – Functional. To train or sustain commander, staffs, and crews/teams within each functional area to be utilized in their operational role. (4) Category D – Force Level (Combined Arms Command and Battle Staff). To train or sustain combat ready commanders and battle staffs utilizing the operational system in its combat operational role. (c) System. A TADSS item that supports a specific materiel system or family of systems program. (d) Non-system. All TADSS not defined as system TADSS. (e) Simulators. A training medium that replicates or represents the functions of a weapon, weapon system, or item of equipment generally supporting individual, crew, or crew subset training. Simulators may stand alone or be embedded. (f) Simulations. A training medium designed to replicate or represent battlefield environments in support of command and staff training. Simulations may stand-alone or be embedded.
Training Analysis Feedback (TAF)
TAF compares the actual output of a task training process with the intended outcome. By focusing on the task's standards and by describing specific observations, trainers identify strengths and weaknesses and decide how to improve performances.
The circumstances and environment in which a task is to be performed. (FM 25-101)
The individual whose function is to analyze, design, develop, and evaluate training and training products, to include development of training strategies, plans, and products to support resident, non-resident, and unit training. Any individual functioning in this capacity is a training developer regardless of job or position title. In developing systems, the command or agency responsible for the development and conduct of training which will provide the tasks necessary to operate and logistically support the new materiel system.
A combined set of training conditions designed to convey a higher level of proficiency. These conditions are designed to test a specific set of objectives. The duration of a Training event may last for several days.
A statement that describes the desired outcome of a training activity. A training objective consists of the following three parts: (1) Task. A clearly defined and measurable activity accomplished by individuals or organizations. (2) Condition(s). The circumstances and environment in which a task is to be performed. (3) Standard. The minimum acceptable proficiency required in the performance of a particular training task. (FM 25-101)
The minimum acceptable proficiency required in the performance of a particular training task. (FM 25 101)
Training Support Package (TSP)
A package integrating various training products necessary to train one or more critical tasks. Some components are: a course management plan, lessons plans, training products of an appropriate media mix, and all other materials needed to conduct the training.
(MIL-HDBK-502) - The inherent capability of an item or system to be moved efficiently over railways, highways, waterways, oceans, or airways either by carrier, towing, or self-propulsion.
Technical Review Action Plan
Technical Review Board
Test Readiness Review
Technology Survey and Assessment
Trimble Standard Interface Protocol
Tactical Simulation Interface Unit
Trunk Signaling Message or Targeting Synchronization Matrix
Training Support System
Through Sight Video
Urban Deployable Instrumented Training System
Unit of Action
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
User Datagram Protocol
Unit of Employment
Ultra High Frequency
Universal Joint Task List
Universal Licensing System
User to Network Interface
Unit Set Fielding
Unit Set Fielding transforms a Brigade and Brigade Combat Team to a newer enhanced warfighting capability. It consists of a Doctrine, Training, Leader development, Organization, Materiel, and Soldiers (DTLOMS) analysis and application of a System of Systems fielding approach to achieve this enhanced capability. Unit Set Fielding (materiel subset) consists of fielding three inter-related groups of systems: (1) Improved Command and Control (C2) and Situational Awareness (SA). The key component to improve operational capability horizontally and vertically. Enhanced C2 and SA provide the relevant common picture for all commanders, shooters and supporters allowing them to realize improved lethality and survivability and enabling war-fighters to act faster than the enemy can react. (2) Core Items. By definition a core item is the primary weapons system of the brigade,” e.g., the Abrams for an Armor Battalion. The core item may or may not already be fielded to the brigade scheduled to receive the Improved C2 Item(s). (A) If already fielded, the Improved C2 and SA item(s) become the driver. (B) If not already fielded then the Core Item and the Improved C2 and SA item(s) should be fielded as a package.
Uninterruptible Power Supply
Uni-Directional Path Switched Ring
United States Air Force
United States Army Reserve
Universal Serial Bus
US Coast Guard
Describes functional and operational methods within the context of military training and operations. For CTIA, three types of use cases are being developed to support the analysis. Product use cases, functional use cases, and quality profiles. Product use cases are MS Word documents that provide a high level description of the LTT products that will be supported by CTIA (e.g., NTC, HITS, DITS, etc.). Functional use cases UML use case and activity diagrams that identify the activities that users of LTT products perform, the actors associated with each activity, and the sequence of activities. Quality profiles are descriptions of test cases that will be used to verify that the CTIA complies with the ‘illity requirements (e.g., scalability, adaptability, etc.)
(AR 700-127) --The MACOM designated to receive the system from the MATDEV for accomplishing an assigned operational mission under a TOE, TDA, or other enabling document.
United States Joint Forces Command
United States Marine Corps
United States Message Text Formatting
User Working Group
Validation and Verification
A software engineering approach to managing differences in features and functions of multiple products in a software product line over time and over the software lifecycle. (from CPM Operations Guide)
Variable Bit Rate
Vehicle Detection Device
Very High Frequency
Video Home System or Vertical Helix Scan
A simulation involving real people operating simulated systems. Virtual simulations inject humansintheloop in a central role by exercising motor skills, decision skills, or communication skills.
Virtual Local Area Network
Voice Monitoring Application
Variable Message Format
Voice over IP
Voice Switching and Control System
Voice Tactical Monitoring and Recording
Wide Area Augmentation System
Wide Area Mines
Wide Area Network
Wireless Access Protocol
Wireless Ad hoc Routing Protocol
Work Breakdown Structure
Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
The part of a system used to defeat or counter a threat element.
Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
Weapons that are capable of a high order of destruction and/or of being used in such manner as to destroy large numbers of people. Can be nuclear, chemical, biological or radiological weapons, but excludes the means of transporting or propelling the weapon where such means is a separable and divisible part of the weapon.
Wired Equivalent Privacy
Weapons Free Zone
Wireless Hierarchical Routing Protocol
Wounded in Action
Wireless Local Area Network
Wing Operations Center
Wavelet Packet Modulation
Weapon System Explosives Safety Review Board
Extensible Markup Language
Zone-based Hierarchical Link State Routing Protocol
Zone Routing Protocol
ICDs and Standards
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