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LT2 Glossary
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1016 terms were found.

A

A-TES
Advanced Tactical Engagement Simulations
A/C
Aircraft
A/D
Analog to Digital
A/V
Audio/Visual
A2C2
Army Airspace Command and Control
A2C2S
Army Airborne Command and Control System
ABCS
Army Battle Command System
ABN
Airborne
AC
Active Component
ACA
Airspace Coordination Area
ACC
Air Combat Command
ACE
Analysis Control Element or Adaptive Communication Environment or Advanced Collaborative Environment or Aviation Combat Element
ACM
Airspace Control Measures
ACMI
Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation
ACO
Airspace Control Order
ACR
Advanced Concepts and Requirements or Armored Cavalry Regiment
ACTD
Advanced Concept and Technology Demonstration
ACTF
Army Constructive Training Federation
AD
Advanced Deployability or Armored Division
ADA
Air Defense Artillery
ADC-M
Assistant Division Commander-Maneuver
ADC-S
Assistant Division Commander-Support
ADF
Automatic Direction Finding
ADST
Advanced Distributed Simulation Technology
Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS)
Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS) is a member of the ATCCS and provides an integrated fire support command and control system that will process mission and other related information to coordinate and maximize the use of all fire support assets. AFATDS will provide processing capabilities from Corps to the Platoon Fire Direction Center.
AE
Army Experiment
AES
Advanced Encryption Standard
AEW
Airborne Electronic Warfare
AFB
Air Force Base
AFIS
Advanced Fingerprint Identification System
After Action Review (AAR)
A professional discussion of a training event focused on performance standards, that enable the soldiers to discover for themselves what happened, why it happened, and how to sustain strengths and improve on weaknesses. It is a tool that leaders, trainers, and units can use to get the maximum benefit from every mission or task.
AGES
Air Ground Engagement System
AGL
Above Ground Level
AGM
Air to Ground Missile
AIS
Automated Information System
All Source Analysis System (ASAS)
All Source Analysis System (ASAS) is a member of the ATCCS and provides a ground-based automated intelligence processing and dissemination system designed to provide intelligence and targeting support to the battle commanders.
ALO
Air Liaison Officer
AMDWS
Air and Missile Defense Work Station
AMPS
Aviation Mission Planning System
AMSAA
Army Approved Damage Assessment Algorithm
AMSO
Army Modeling and Simulation Office
AO
Area of Operation
AP
Access Point
API
Application Program Interface
APOBS
Anti-Personnel Obstacle Breach System
APOD
Aerial Port of Debarkation
APOE
Aerial Port of Embarkation
Application Engineering
An interactive process for the design and development of a product that satisfies specified customer requirements. In application engineering, a developer uses the domain model(s) within the product line to understand the capabilities offered by the product line architecture and specifies a system for development. The developer then uses the product line architecture to build the system.
Appliqué
Appliqué is the Force XXI Battle Command Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2) initiative to digitize the battlefield. Computer hardware, software and interfaces will be installed on weapons platforms and vehicles at brigade-and-below echelons and deployed with individual dismounted soldiers.
AR
Armor
ARFOR
Army Forces
Army Battle Command System
The Army’s automated command and control system consists of digital systems, facilities, people, and procedures. The BFA components are the Global Command and Control Systems-Army (GCCS-A), Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS), All Source Analysis System (ASAS), Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS), Air and Missile Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS), Maneuver Control System (MCS), Force XXI Battle Command–Brigade and Below (FBCB2) System, and the Tactical Airspace Information System (TAIS). Enabling components to ABCS are the Digital Topographic Support System (DTSS) and the Integrated Meteorological System (IMETS), while the Warfighter Information Network Tactical (WIN-T), Tactical Internet (TI) and the Integrated Systems Control (ISYSCON). (ABCS CRD, Ver 1c.)
Army Tactical Command and Control System (ATCCS)
The Army Tactical Command and Control System (ATCCS) is made up of five systems: Maneuver Control System (MCS); Air and Missile Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS); All Source Analysis System (ASAS); Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS); and Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS). ATCCS will be linked directly to Global Command and Control System - Army (GCCS-A), providing a framework of seamless connectivity from brigade to corps. ATCCS is also the linchpin between AGCCS and Force XXI Battle Command Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2), creating a holistic, seamless integration of battle command from individual platforms to echelons above corps (EAC).
Army Training XXI Functional Architecture
The Army Training XXI Functional Architecture (ATFA) addresses the actual training processes and activities that take place to “Train the Force.” The purpose of the ATFA is to provide the functional framework for the supporting technical and systems architectures on which all future AT XXI automated training systems will be built.
Army Training XXI Technical Architecture
The Army Training XXI Technical Architecture (ATTA) fully supports a standards-based, data-driven, reconfigurable, self-organizing-to-task (SOTT) system of systems for managing training information. This architecture is designed from the top-down to support the guiding principles introduced in the AT XXI Campaign Plan. The AT XXI system architecture is comprised of eight Automated Information Systems (AISs), each of which is comprised of software segments largely drawn from as-is and objective AT XXI systems. These eight AISs are 1) Training Analysis; 2) Training Design; 3) Training Development; 4) Training Implementation; 5) Training Evaluation; 6) Training Management; 7) Information Transfer; and 8) AT XXI Digital Library System.
ARNG
Army National Guard
ARTEP
Army Training and Evaluation Program
ASET
Aviation Survivability Equipment Trainer
ASOC
Air Support Operations Center
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) has been accepted universally as the transfer mode of choice for Broadband Integrated Services Digital Networks (BISDN). ATM can handle any kind of information i.e. voice, data, image, text and video in an integrated manner. ATM provides good bandwidth flexibility and can be used efficiently from desktop computers to local area and wide area networks. ATM is a connection- oriented packet switching technique in which all packets are of fixed length i.e. 53 bytes (5 bytes for header and 48 bytes for information). ATM technology is configured and installed within MSE communications network in order to provide more efficient management and utilization of the limited bandwidth available within this legacy system. ATM-enabled multimedia technology supports the normal operation and performance of the MSE capabilities of voice and packet-switched data. ATM also provides for real-time dissemination of the commander’s intent and collaborative mission planning and analyses through use of video teleconferencing hardware/software and a collaborative. ATM equipment supports Internet Protocol (IP)-based conferencing and multimedia capabilities and provides high-speed data dissemination through the MSE network.
AT
Army Transformation or Acceptance Test or Annual Training
AT&T
American Telephone and Telegraph
ATDL
Army Training Digital Library Renamed the Reimer Digital Library (RDL)
ATEC
Army Test and Evaluation Command Mission. ATEC plans, conducts, and integrates developmental testing, independent operational testing, independent evaluations, assessments, and experiments in order to provide essential information to decision makers.
ATESS
Advanced Tactical Engagement Simulation System
ATG
Antenna Transceiver Group
ATIA
Army Training Information Architecture
ATIMP
Army Training Information Management Program
ATMD
Army Training Modernization Directorate (of ATSC)
ATO
Air Tasking Order
ATP
Acceptance Test Plan
ATSC
Army Training Support Center
AUSA
Association of the United States Army
AUTL
Army Universal Task List
Autonomous
Able to operate within defined procedures but without external data input.
AVMF
Army Variable Message Format
AVN
Aviation
AWE
Advanced Warfighting Experiment or Area Weapon Effects
AWES
AWE Simulation
AWMDS
Air Warrior Measurement and Debriefing System

B

Battle Damage Assessment
The timely and accurate estimate of damage resulting from the application of military force, either lethal or nonlethal, against a predetermined objective. Battle damage assessment can be applied to the employment of all types of weapon systems (air, ground, naval, and special forces weapon systems) throughout the range of military operations. Battle damage assessment is primarily an intelligence responsibility with required inputs and coordination from the operators. Battle damage assessment is composed of physical damage assessment, functional damage assessment, and target system assessment. Also called BDA. (JP 102)
Battle Tasks
Tasks that must be accomplished by a subordinate organization if the next higher organization is to accomplish a mission essential task. The senior commander selects battle tasks from each subordinate organization’s mission essential task list.
Battlefield Operating System (BOS)
The Battlefield Operating Systems (BOSs) are the major functions performed by the force on the battlefield to successfully execute Army operations (battles and engagements) in order to accomplish military objectives directed by the operational commander. They include maneuver, fire support, air defense, command and control, intelligence, mobility and survivability, and combat service support. Battlefield Visualization - the process whereby the commander/soldier develops a clear understanding of the current state with relation to the enemy and the environment; envisions a desired outcome; and subsequently visualizes the sequence of activity that will move the force from its current state to the end state.
Battlefield Visualization
The process whereby the commander develops a clear understanding of the current state with relation to the enemy and environment, envisions a desired end state which represents mission accomplishment, and then subsequently visualizes the sequence of activity that moves the commander's force from its current state to the end state.
Battlespace
Components of this space are determined by the maximum capabilities of friendly and enemy forces to acquire and dominate each other by fires and maneuver and in the electromagnetic spectrum (TRADOC PAM 525-5).
BBS
Brigade/Battalion Battle Simulation
BCBST
Brigade Command Battle Staff Training Program
BCE
Battlefield Control Element
BCIS
Battlefield Combat Identification System
BCR
Baseline Change Request
BCS
Battalion-level Battle Command System
BCS3
Battle Command Sustainment Support System
BCT
Brigade Combat Team or Battlefield Control Terminal
BCTP
Battle Command Training Program
BDA
Battle Damage Assessment
See Also:   Battle Damage Assessment
BDE
Brigade
BDZ
Base Defense Zone
BE&I
Battlefield Effects and Interfaces
BER
Bit Error Rate
BES
Battlefield Effects System (or Simulation)
BFT
Blue Force Tracker
BFV
Bradley Fighting Vehicle
BIA
Broad Industry Announcement
BIT
Built-In-Test
BLOS
Beyond Line-of-Sight
BLUFOR
Blue Forces
BN
Battalion
BOE
Basis of Estimate
bps
Bits per second
BPSK
Binary Phase Shift Keying
BRD
Brigade Recovery Days
BTRY
Battery
Built-in-Testing
Designing software to include self-testing or built-in-testing code as a powerful way to improve the testing process. Built-in-testing techniques are based on the concept of contracts within a program, where data values and program states must be checked before the program can continue execution. The most common built-in-testing tool is the assertion, which is an evaluation of a Boolean statement expressing some correct state in the program. If the statement evaluates to false, the assertion causes the program to take some specified action, generally aborting program execution. Assertions are the basis of four basic built-in-testing tools that are generally used to enforce software requirements: precondition validation, post-condition validation, and invariant checking and data assertions.
BW
Bandwidth

C

C&A
Certification and Accreditation
C2
Command and Control
C2P
Component Change Proposals
CAF
Central Analysis Facility
CAHA
Captured Ammunition Holding Area
CALL
Center for Army Lessons Learned
CaNDI
Commercial-off-the-shelf and non-developmental-items
Capstone Requirements Document (CRD)
Identifies systems requirements to define a mission area and serves as a guide for operational requirements documents (ORD) development. CRDs can be a combination of two or more mission needs statements (MNS) and/or ORD programs. The CRD is the bridge between the MNS and program ORDs. It is a living document that reflects changes in threat or technologies. (TRADOC Pam 71-9) A document that contains capabilities-based requirements that facilitates the development of individual ORDs by providing a common framework and operational concept to guide their development. It is an oversight tool for overarching requirements for a system-of-systems or family-of-systems. (CJCSI 3170.01A)
CAS
Close Air Support
CAS EVAC
Casualty Evacuation
CASCOM
Combined Arms Support Command
CASROE
CAS Rules Of Engagement
CATIA
Computer-Aided Three-Dimensional Interactive Applications
CATS
Combined Arms Training Strategies
CAV
Cavalry
CBR
Constant Bit Rate
CC
Common Component
CCB
Configuration Control Board
CCK
Complementary Code Keying
CCTT
Close Combat Tactical Trainer
CCTV
Closed Circuit Television
CCZ
Close CAS Zone
CDD
Component Design Description or Capability Development Document
CDI
Collaborative Development Initiative
CDL
Common Data Link
CDMA
Code Division Multiple Access
Cdr
Commander
CDR
Critical Design Review
CDRL
Contract Data Requirements List
CEA
Captured Enemy Ammunition
CECOM
Communications-Electronics Command
CEOI
Communications-Electronics Operations Instructions
CFF
Call for Fires
CGF
Computer Generated Forces
CGS
Common Ground Station
CGSC
Command and General Staff College
CI
Configuration Item
CinC
Commander in Charge
CINC
Commander in Chief
CIS
Core Instrumentation Subsystem
CJCSI
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction
CKL
Compromise Key List
CLI
Command Line Interface
CLNC
Camp Lejeune North Carolina
CLS
Contractor Logistics Support
CM
Configuration Management
CMM
Capability Maturity Model
CMP
Common Message Parser or Common Message Processor or Configuration Management Plan
CMTC
Combat Maneuver Training Center
CNN
Cable News Network
CNR
Combat Net Radio
CO
Company
COA
Course of Action
COB
Civilians on the Battlefield
COC
Combat Operations Center
COE
Common Operating Environment or Contemporary Operating Environment
COLT
Combat Observation and Lasing Team
Combat Developer
(AR 700-127) -- The command or agency responsible for concepts, doctrine, organization (excluding Army wholesale logistics), and system objectives and requirements.
COMBAT IV
Combined Air-land Battle Simulation
Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS)
Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS) is a member of the ATCCS and consolidates and collates the data required to integrate situational awareness of the combat service support mission areas. CSSCS will provide strategic and tactical commanders with information on ammunition and fuel supplies, medical and personnel status, transportation, maintenance services, general supply, and other field services.
Combat Training Center (CTC)
An Army program established to provide realistic joint service and combined arms training in accordance with Army doctrine. It is designed to provide training units opportunities to increase collective proficiency on the most realistic battlefield available during peacetime. The four components of the CTC Program are: (a) The National Training Center (b) The Combat Maneuver Training Center (c) The Joint Readiness Training Center (d) The Battle Command Training Program
Combined Arms Live Fire Exercise (CALFEX)
High-cost, resource-intensive exercises in which player units move or maneuver and employ organic and supporting weapons systems using full service ammunition with attendant integration of all combat, combat service, and combat service support functions.
COMINT
Communications Intelligence
Command Field Exercise (CFX)
A field training exercise with reduced unit and vehicle density but with full command and control, combat support, and combat service support elements (e.g., the platoon leader in his vehicle represents the entire platoon).
Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR)
The collection of equipment, software, and personnel required to obtain information and intelligence for a commander at any level to command those forces under his authority. The elements include but are not limited to: sensor data processing displays, communications, software, the concomitant systems engineering required to tie these technologies together, and the personnel to make these systems function. The functions also include information systems and information warfare.
Common Operating Picture
The Common Operational Picture (COP) is the means for the Commander-in-Chief (CINC) to view a fused picture of the CINC’s complete area of responsibility (AOR). It is a compilation of data from each of the Common Tactical Pictures (CTPs) combined with battle plans, projection overlays, and any other data that is available. The COP is defined by the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) COP Working Group in the Concept of Operations for Global Command and Control System as follows: The force disposition (Common Tactical Database) [CTD] and planning/amplifying data from each CTP is combined with any additional information produced by the CINC (Commander’s intent, battleplans, projection overlays, etc.) at one location to form the COP at the CINC-designated COP Correlation Site (CCS). The CINC now has a complete depiction of the AOR that can be accessed by the appropriate Global Command and Control System (GCCS) users worldwide. Also defined as a display of the operational-level situation, consisting of METT-T, CCIR, and MDMP data, seen at Corps and above workstations in real or rear-real time, used to enable operational decision-making. (ABCS CRD, Ver 1c)
Common Training Instrumentation Architecture (CTIA)
The CTIA is the architecture core of the Live Training Transformation Strategy. CTIA is the technical architecture that provides commonality across training instrumentation systems and interoperability across live, virtual, and constructive training systems. It consists of standards and protocols to be used by system developers and the core software component of training instrumentation systems.
See Also:   CTIA
COMSEC
Communications Security
Condition
Circumstances and environment in which a task is to be performed.
CONOPS
Concept of Operations
Constructive Simulation
Models or simulations that involve simulated people operating simulated systems.
CORBA
Common Object Request Broker Architecture
Core Asset
A reusable artifact that is used in one or more products in the product line. A core asset may be an architecture, source code, an interface control document, a database schema, a domain model, a requirements specification, a design document, a test plan, a test case, a process description, or any other useful element. (from CPM Operations Guide)
COTS
Commercial Off The Shelf
CP
Contention Period
CPC
Crew Proficiency Course
CPCA
Camp Pendleton California
CPE
Customer Premise Equipment
CPI
Cost Performance Index
CPM
Consolidated Product Line Management
CPU
Central Processing Unit
CPX
Command Post Exercise
CS
Combat Support
CSAR
Combat Search and Rescue
CSCI
Computer Software Configuration Item
CSG
Corps Support Group
CSMA
Carrier Sense Multiple Access
CSP
Communications Support Processor
CSS
Combat Service Support
CSTAR
Combat Synthetic Training Assessment Range
CSU
Channel Service Unit
CTAPS
Contingency Theater Automated Planning System
CTB
CAS Target Box
CTIA
Common Training Instrumentation Architecture
CTS
Clear To Send
CTSF
Central Technical Support Facility
CTX
Combined Training Exercise
CVII
Common Vehicle Instrumentation Initiative
CVKI
Combat Vehicle Kill Indicator
CW
Contention Window
CWDM
Coarse Wave Division Multiplexing

D

D/A
Digital to Analog
DAA
Designated Approval Authority
DAART
Digital After Action Review Technology
DARPA
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DASC
Direct Air Support Center
DATR
Domain Analysis Technical Report
DB
Database
DBA
Database Administrator
DBMS
Data Base Management System
DBPSK
Differential Binary Phase Shift Keying
DBS
Database Services
DBST
Digital Battlestaff Sustainment Trainer
DCI
Data Communications Interface
DCIU
Data Control Interface Units
DCP
Data Collection Plan
DCS
Data Collection System
DDD
Database Design Document
DDM
Data Distribution Manager or Data Distribution Management
Defense Information Infrastructure Common Operating Environment
The Defense Information Infrastructure Common Operating Environment (DII COE) concept is best described as a flexible architecture and approach for building interoperable systems. DII COE is an application-independent basis for DoD information system architectures. The DII-COE consists of reusable software components, a plugable framework and software infrastructure, and a set of guidelines and standards for developing, integrating, and packaging mission applications. The COE is a multifaceted concept. It is not a system, but is a foundation upon which open systems can be built. A foundation that provides functionality to target systems for services such as data manipulation, network communications, database storage and others. The COE includes rules, methodologies and tools, which form a framework for system development and integration. As a "plug and play" open architecture, the COE enables functionality to be easily added or removed from a target system in small manageable units called segments.
DEM/VAL
Demonstration/Validation
DEPEX
Deployment Exercise
DF
Direction Finding
DFCC
Digital Force Coordination Cell
DGPS
Differential Global Positioning System
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DIACAP
Department of Defense Information Assurance Certification & Accreditation Process
Digital Data
(DOD) (1) Representation of facts, concepts, or instructions in a formalized manner suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing by humans or by automatic means. (2) Any representations such as characters or analog quantities to which meaning is or might be assigned.
Digital Topographic Support System
DTSS is an automated system that provides tactical and operational commanders with geo-spatial information to support terrain visualization. DTSS is the Terrain Analysis tool that provides geo-spatial information and special mission specific products to ABCS for battlespace operations supporting EAC to Brigade and platform level. DTSS collects source material, manages digital terrain databases and distributes through a geo-spatial digital data storage device. The DTSS Geographic Information System (GIS) and imagery analysis software components allow the analyst to densify, manipulate, analyze, and produce standard and special topographic products for the battle commander. National and in-theater sources will provide new and enriched data to update the geo-spatial database. The DTSS uses established ABCS tactical and satellite communications means. (ABCS CRD, Ver 1c.)
Digitization
Digitization is the application of technologies to acquire, exchange, and employ timely digital information throughout the battlespace, tailored to the needs of each decider (commander), shooter, and supporter. Digitization allows each soldier to maintain a clear and accurate vision of the common battlespace necessary to support planning and execution.
DII
Defense Information Infrastructure
DIS
Distributed Interactive Simulation
DISA
Defense Information Systems Agency
DITS
Deployable Instrumented Training System
DITSCAP
Defense Information Technology Security Certification and Accreditation Process
DIV
Division
DLS
Data Link Services
DMPRC
Digital Multi-Purpose Range Complex
DMSO
Defense Modeling and Simulation Office
DNS
Domain Name Server
DNVT
Digital Non-secure Voice Terminal
Doctrine and tactics training
Training conducted on equipment, inter-operability, and management of new or cascaded equipment, considering comparison of new to older equipment, and associated threats.
DoD
Department of Defense
DoDAF
Department of Defense Architectural Framework
DoDD
Department of Defense Directive
DoDI
Department of Defense Instruction
DODIIS
DOD Intelligence Information System
DOIM
Directorate of Information Management
Domain Engineering
An iterative process for the design and development of: (1) a product family and (2) an application engineering process for producing members of the product family. Domain engineering is an activity for building reusable components. For domain engineering to be successful, organizations must understand the similarities and differences among components used to build software applications. Domain engineering addresses the systematic creation of domain models and architectures. Domain engineering also supports application engineering, which uses the models and architectures to build systems. The emphasis is on reuse and product lines.
Domain Implementation
Domain implementation is the product implementation and process support that is aimed at satisfying a domain specification. Domain implementation is the process of identifying reusable components based on the domain model and domain architecture. Using the domain knowledge gathered during domain analysis, and the domain architecture developed during the domain design, domain engineers acquire and, where necessary, create reusable assets, which are catalogued into a component library for use by application engineers. These reusable components, as well as application generators and domain languages, are the principal outputs of this phase of domain engineering. Creation, management, and maintenance of a repository of reusable assets are also an important part of domain implementation.
DOORS
Dynamic Object-Oriented Requirements System
DP
Distribution Points
DRMO
Defense Reutilization and Marketing Organization
DSCP
Differentiated Services Code Point
DSR
Dynamic Source Routing
DSU
Digital Services Unit
DTDB
Digital Terrain Database
DTES
Division Tactical Exploitation System
DTMR
Digital Tactical Monitoring and Recording
DTOC
Division Tactical Operations Center
DVD
Digital Video Disk
DWDM
Dense Wave Division Multiplexing

E

EAB
Echelons Above Brigade
EAC
Echelons Above Corps
EAD
Echelons Above Division
ECP
Engineering Change Proposal
EFP
Electronic Field Production
EFST
Essential Fire Support Task
EI
Engineering Instruction
Electromagnetic Compatibility
The capability of electronic equipment or systems to be operated in the intended operational electromagnetic environment at the designed levels of efficiency.
Electromagnetic Environmental Effects
The impact of the electromagnetic environment upon the operational capability of military forces, equipment, systems, and platforms. It encompasses all electromagnetic disciplines, including electromagnetic compatibility; electromagnetic interference; electromagnetic vulnerability; electromagnetic pulse; electronic protection; hazards of electromagnetic radiation to personnel, ordnance, and volatile materials; and natural phenomena effects of lightning and p-static.
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
Impairment of the reception of a wanted electromagnetic signal caused by an electromagnetic disturbance.
Electronic Warfare (EW)
Any military action involving the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy. It includes the three major subdivisions of electronic attack, electronic protection, and EW support. EA is the use of either electromagnetic or directed energy to attack personnel, facilities, or equipment with intent of degrading, neutralizing, or destroying enemy combat capability. EP is the protection of friendly combat capabilities against the undesired effects of friendly or enemy use of EW. ES involves actions tasked by, or under the direct control of, an operational commander to search for, intercept, identify, and locate sources of intentional and unintentional radiated electromagnetic energy for the purpose of immediate threat recognition (Joint Pub 1-02).
Embedded Systems
Embedded systems are platforms with digital system components providing functions and processes which are integrated to such an extent that they cannot be considered as discrete entities during development, testing, or production of the system.
Embedded training
Training that is provided by capabilities designed to be built into or added onto operational systems to enhance and maintain the skill proficiency necessary to operate and maintain that equipment end item. AR 71-9 states: Embedded Training-Training that is provided by capabilities designed to be built into or added onto operational systems to enhance and maintain the skill proficiency necessary to operate and maintain that system. Embedded training capabilities encompass four training categories: (1) Category A- Individual/operator. To attain and sustain individual, maintenance, and system orientation skills. (2) Category B- Crew. To sustain combat ready crews/teams. This category builds on skills acquired from Category A. (3) Category C-Functional. To train or sustain commander, staff, and crew/teams within each functional area to be utilized in their operational role. (4) Category D-Force Level (Combined Arms Command and Battle Staff). To train or sustain combat ready commanders and battle staffs utilizing the operational systems in its combat operational role.
EMD
Engineering & Management Development
EMT
Effects Management Tool
ENG
Electronic News Gathering
Engagement
1) In air defense, an attack with guns or air to air missiles by an interceptor aircraft, or the launch of an air defense missile by air defense artillery and the missiles subsequent travel to intercept. 2). A tactical conflict, usually between opposing lower echelons maneuver forces. (JP 102)
Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (EPLRS)
That portion of the Army Data Distribution System (ADDS) utilized to move low-medium volumes of data traffic between OPFACS with an operational requirement. Message traffic includes FBCB2 VMF/JVWF, USMTF Data, and FAAD Data Link (FDL) between a number of C2 Nodes, sensor nodes, and shooters.
Environment
All factors such as meteorology, geography and electro-magnetic emissions.
Environmental and Occupational Health Threats
Threats to military personnel health and military readiness created by exposures to hazardous agents contained in or produced by weapon systems (conventional warfare weapons, NBC weapons, toxic industrial chemicals & materials, and radiation), as well as exposures to other environmental contamination (i.e. diseases, illnesses born from poor sanitary conditions, heat, cold, altitude, etc.).
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency
ESA
Electronically Steerable Antenna
ESOH
Environment, Safety and Operational Health
ESP
Encapsulating Security Payload
ESSID
Extended Service Set Identifier
ETAC
Enlisted Terminal Attack Controllers
ETC
Exportable Training Capability
EV
Earned Value
EVM
Earned Value Management
EXCON
Exercise Control
Exercise
A military maneuver or simulated wartime operation involving planning, preparation, and execution. It is carried out for the purpose of training and evaluation. It may be combined, joint, or single service exercise, depending on participating organizations. (JCS Pub 1)
EXFOR
Experimental Force

F

FAA
Federal Aviation Administration
FAAD
Forward Area Air Defense
FAADEO
FAAD Engagement Operations
FAC
Forward Air Controller
FAC(A)
Forward Air Controller (Airborne)
Facilities
(AR 700-127) -- The permanent or semipermanent real property assets specifically required to support the system. Includes facilities for training, equipment storage, maintenance, contractor, ammunition storage, mobile shop storage, classified storage, troop housing, fuels and lubricant storage, and special facility requirements.
FARS
Frequency Assignment Retrieval System
FASCAM
Family of Scatterable Mines
FCA
Functional Configuration Audit
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
FCS
Future Combat Systems
FCT
Foreign Comparative Test
FDC
Forward Direction Center
FDL
FAAD Data Link
Feature Profile
A set of optional and varying feature choices specified for the product line. Each product in a product line has a feature profile that defines the set of features from which the product is comprised. (from CPM Operations Guide)
FEC
Forward Error Correction
FER
Frame Error Rate
FF
Fire Finder
Field Training Exercises (FTX)
Exercise conducted under simulated combat conditions in the field. FTXs fully integrate the total force in a realistic combat environment. They involve combat arms, CS, and CSS units. FTXs encompass such training as battle drills, crew drills, and STXs to reinforce soldier and collective training integration. They are used to train the commander, staff, subordinate units, and slice elements.
FIPS
Federal Information Processing Statndards
Fire Coordination Exercise (FCX)
Trains the combined arms team chain of command and related fire control elements to rapidly synchronize fires on the battlefield. The exercise uses reduced-scale targets and ranges to depict combat situation.
FIRESIM
Fire Support Simulation
FIST
Fire Support Team
FM
Field Manual or Frequency Modulated
FO
Forward Observer
FOC
Full Operational Capability
FODA
Feature-Oriented Domain Analysis
FOF
Force-on-Force
FOM
Federation Object Model
FON
Fiber Optic Network
Force Structure
(AR 71-11) - The composition, by numbers and types of units, of the current, planned, or programmed force for the Total Army (for example), “program force structure”). Unless otherwise stated, all units within a specified force structure are assumed to be manned and equipped at 100 percent TOE requirements.
Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2)
Force XXI Battle Command Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2) provides an integrated command and control system that extends horizontally across all Battlefield Operating Systems (BOS) and vertically from individual squad/platform to brigade/regimental headquarters. It also provides the technology to complete the ABCS information flow process from brigade down to platform and across all platforms within the brigade task force. FBCB2 provides commanders the ability to remotely operate and maintain ABCS database connectivity, regardless of command vehicle, and to digitally control and monitor their subordinate units status and position. Interoperable FBCB2 systems shall enhance the Battle Commanders’ ability to have a detailed picture of the battlefield (Situational Awareness), maximize force survivability and facilitate battlefield synchronization to reduce or destroy the enemy’s capability to fight. It also provides a seamless, holistic battle command capability to leaders of all combat, combat support, and combat service support units performing missions at the tactical level of operations.
FORSCOM
Forces Command
FOS
Family of Systems
See Also:   LT2 Information
FOT
Force on Target
FS
Fire Support
FSB
Fire Support Battalion
FSCM
Fire Support Control/Coordinating Measure
FSE
Fire Support Element
FSEM
Fire Support Execution Matrix
FSO
Fire Support Officer
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
FTS
Family of Training Systems
FY
Fiscal Year
FYDP
Future Years Defense Program

G

GAR
Geographic Area Routing
GARP
General Attribute Registration Protocol
Gbps
Gigabits per second
GCE
Ground Control Elements
GCS
Ground Control Station
GFC
Ground Force Commander
GFE
Government Furnished Equipment
GFI
Government Furnished Information
GFP
Government Furnished Property
Global Command and Control System (GCCS)
The Global Command and Control System (GCCS) is a collection of broadly connected joint systems that provide total battlespace information to the warrior.
Global Command and Control System – Army (GCCS-A)
The Global Command and Control System – Army (GCCS-A) is the Army component of the Joint Global Command and Control System (GCCS). AGCCS will be built from application programs developed by the Army World Wide Military Command and Control system (WWMCCS) Information System (AWIS), the Standard Theater Command and Control System (STCCS), and the Echelon Above Corps (EAC) portion of the Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS).
GOTS
Government Off-the-Shelf
GPIB
General Purpose Interface Bus
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service
GPS
Global Positioning System
GSM
Global Systems for Mobile Communications
GTA
Grafenwoehr Training Area
GTL
Gun-Target Line
GUI
Graphical User Interface
GVRP
GARP VLAN Registration Protocol

H

HA
Home Agent
HAIPIS
High Assurance Internet Protocol Interoperability Specification
HALO
Helmet Detection Assembly
HCLOS
High Capacity Line of Sight
HERO
Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation to Ordnance
HF
High Frequency
HFE
Human Factors Engineering
HIDACZ
High Density Airspace Control Zone
High Level Architecture (HLA)
A general-purpose architecture for simulation reuse and interoperability.
HITS
Homestation Instrumented Training System
HMI
Human-Machine Interface
HMMWV
Highly Mobile Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle
HPT
High Payoff Target
HPTL
High Payoff Target List
HQ
Headquarters
HTA
Hohenfels Training Area
HTML
Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
HUMINT
Human Intelligence
HVT
High Value Target
HW
Hardware
HWCI
Hardware Configuration Item

I

I&A
Identification and Authentication
I/F
Interface
IA
Information Assurance
IAW
In Accordance With
ICA
Initial Capability Assessment
ICD
Interface Control Document
ICEE
Integrated Collaborative Electronic Environment
ICT
Integrated Concept Team
ICTS
Info-Centric Tool Suite
ICWG
Interface Control Working Group
ID
Identity
IDD
Interface Design Document
IDE
Integrated Development Environment
IDEN/TETRA
Integrated Digital Enhanced Network
Identification
The determination of allegiance of a target i.e. friend or foe.
IDL
Interface Definition Language
IDS
Intrusion Detection System
IED
Improvised Explosive Device
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
IETF
Internet Engineering Task Force
IEW
Intelligence and Electronic Warfare
IEWTPT
Intelligence/Electronic Warfare Tactical Proficiency Trainer
IFV
Infantry Fighting Vehicle
IGMP
Internet Group Management Protocol
IGRS
Integrated GPS Radio System
IGUI
Integrated Graphical User Interface
IKE
Internet Key Exchange
IMETS
Integrated Meteorological System
IMP
Integrated Management Plan
IMS
Integrated Master Schedule
IMT
Initial Military Training
INC
Internet Controller
Information Operations (IO)
Continuous military operations within the Military Information Environment that enable, enhance, and protect the commander's decision cycle and mission execution to achieve an information advantage across the full range of military operations. IO includes interacting with GIE and, as required, exploiting or degrading an adversary's information and decision systems. Effects of IO produce significant military advantage for forces conducting such operations. (TRADOC Pam 525-69)
Information Warfare (IW)
Actions taken to preserve the integrity of one's own information system from exploitation, corruption, or destruction while at the same time exploiting, corrupting, or destroying an adversary's information system and in the process achieving an information advantage in the application of force. (TRADOC Pam 525-69)
INFOSEC
Information Security
Installation Information Infrastructure Modernization Program
DSIC4 program to upgrade Army Installation information infrastructure. Three components are MACOM Telephone Modernization Program, Outside Cable Rehabilitation, and Army Gateway Program.
Instrumented Participant
Exercise participants that have instrumentation equipment associated with them. These include personnel, ground vehicles, helicopters, fixed wing aircraft, weapon systems, and targets.
Interoperability
(JP 1-02, NATO) - The ability of systems, units, or forces to provide services to, and accept services from other systems, units, or forces and to use the services so exchanged to enable them to operate effectively together. (DoD) - The condition achieved among communications-electronics systems or items of communications-electronics equipment when information or services can be exchanged directly and satisfactorily between them and / or their users. The degree of interoperability should be defined when referring to specific cases. (AR 71-9) - Interoperability of a tactical automated system is the ability of two or more systems to directly exchange and process data.
IOC
Initial Operational Capability
IOS
Intelligent Optical Switch
IOW
Information Operations Warfare
IP
Initial Position or Internet Protocol
IPB
Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace
IPHC
Internet Protocol Header Compression
IPPD
Integrated Product and Process Development
IPT
Integrated Product Team
IPX
Internetwork Packet eXchange
IRAD
Internal Research and Development
IRS
Interface Requirements Specification
IS
Instrumentation System
ISB
Intermediate Staging Base
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO
International Standards Organization
ISP
Information Support Plan
ITAR
International Traffic in Arms Regulations
ITEP
Individual Training Evaluation Plan
ITESS
Instrumented Tactical Engagement Simulation System
ITU-T
International Telecommunications Union - Telecommunications

J

J/F
Joint Form
JCDB
Joint Common Database
JFC
Joint Force Commander
JFLC
Joint Force Land Component
JFLCC
JFLC Commander
JIT
Joint Interoperability Training
JMETL
Joint Mission Essential Task List
JMTK
Joint Mapping Tool Kit
JNTC
Joint National Training Center
JNTF
Joint National Test Facility
Joint Technical Architecture (JTA)
The Joint Technical Architecture (JTA) provides the "building codes" which, when implemented, permit this flow of information in support of the Warfighter. The JTA identifies a common set of mandatory information technology standards and guidelines to be used in all new and upgraded C4I acquisitions across DoD. The JTA standards are to be used for sending and receiving information (information transfer standards such as Internet Protocol suite), for understanding the information (information content and format standards such as data elements, or image interpretation standards) and for processing that information. The JTA also includes a common human-computer interface and "rules" for protecting the information (i.e., information system security standards).
JRTC
Joint Readiness Training Center (Ft. Polk)
JSAF
Joint Semi-Automated Forces
JSC
Joint Spectrum Center
JSIMS
Joint Simulation System
JTA-A
Joint Technical Architecture Army
JTAC
Joint Terminal Air/Attack Controller
JTAR
Joint Tactical Air Strike Request
JTFC
Joint Task Force Commander
JTIDS
Joint Tactical Information Distribution System
JTMS
Joint Training Master Schedule
JTP
Joint Training Plan
JTRS
Joint Tactical Radio System
JTS
Joint Training System
JTX
Joint Training Exercise

K

Key Performance Parameters
Key Performance Parameters (KPP) address capabilities or characteristics so significant that failure to meet the threshold can be cause for reevaluating the concept or system and for reassessing or terminating a program.
Keystone
LT2 Risk Management Software
KM
Kilometer
KSLOC
Thousand Source Lines of Code

L

LAN
Local Area Network
LCCS
Life Cycle Contractor Support
LCMP
Life Cycle Management Plan
LD
Line of Departure
LDC
Leadership Development Center
Lethal Weapons
Used with the intent to cause death. Capable of causing death.
LF
Live Fire
LH
Labor Hours
Live Fire Exercise (LFX)
Exercise that is resource-intensive; player units maneuver and employ organic and supporting weapons systems using full-service ammunition. LFXs integrate all combat arms, CS, and CSS elements. The extensive range and resource requirements usually limit them to platoon and company team levels. Consequently, their principal focus is unit and weapons integration at company team level. LFXs provide realistic training on collective and soldier skills.
Live Simulation
A simulation involving real people operating real systems. The degree of human participation is infinitely variable, as is the degree of equipment realism.
Live Training
Training executed in field conditions using tactical equipment, enhanced by training aids, devices, simulators, and simulations (TADSS) and Tactical Engagement Simulation (TES) to simulate combat conditions.
Live Training Environment (LTE)
Live training uses go-to-war systems and synthetic training systems, on real terrain, operating in the full range of actual battlefield day/night/adverse weather environmental conditions. During live training events, units deploy against an OPFOR and use actual or simulated systems and weapons equipped with tactical engagement simulators to replicate combat weapons effects and battle damage.
LM
Lockheed Martin
LM STS
Lockheed Martin Simulation Training and Support
LMDS
Local Multi-point Distribution System
LME
Link Management Entity
LMS
Location Management Server
LMTV
Light Medium Tactical Vehicle
LNO
Liaison Officer
LOB
Line of Bearing
LOGEX
Logistics Exercise
LOS
Line-of-Sight
LRIP
Low Rate Initial Production
LRU
Line Replaceable Unit
LSI
Lead System Integrator
LSRB
Laser Safety Review Board
LT2
Live Training Transformation
See Also:   LT2 Information
LTT
Live Training Transformation
See Also:   LT2 Information
LVC
Live Virtual Constructive
LVC-TE
LVC Training Environment

M

MAC
Media Access Control or Mission Assurance Category
MACCS
Marine Air Command and Control System
MACOM
Major Army Command
MAGTF
Marine Air-Ground Task Force
MAGTFTC
Marine Air Ground Task Force Training Center
Maintainability
The ability of a system to be retained in or restored to a specified operational status within a given period of time, when the maintenance is performed in accordance with prescribed procedures and resources.
Maintenance
Set of activities performed by means of specified resources on a system to retain it in or restore it to a specified operational status.
MAIS
Mobile Automated Instrumentation Suite
MAN
Metropolitan Area Network
MANET
Mobile Ad Hoc Networking
Maneuver Control System (MCS)
MCS is the primary battle command (BC) source, providing the common picture, decision aids and overlay capabilities to support the tactical commander and the staff via interface with the force level information database populated from the other BFAs. MCS provides the functional applications necessary to access and manipulate the JCDB. MCS will satisfy information requirements for a specific operation, track resources, display situational awareness, effect timely control of current combat operations (offense, defense, stability and support), and effectively develop and distribute plans, orders and estimates in support of future operations. It will support the military decision making process. MCS will be deployed from Corps to the maneuver battalions. (ABCS CRD, Ver 1c.)
MANPAD
Man-Portable Air Defense
Manpower and Personnel Integration
MANPRINT is the comprehensive technical effort to identify and integrate all relevant information and considerations regarding the full range of manpower, personnel capabilities, training development and delivery, human factors engineering, systems safety, health hazards, and soldier survival into the system development and acquisition process to improve soldier performance, total system performance, and reduce the cost of ownership to an acceptable level throughout the entire life cycle of a system. MANPRINT is the Army’s human systems integration process for systems acquisition.
MAPEX
Map Exercise
MARCORSYSCOM
Marine Corps Systems Command
MATCH
Modular Armored Combat House
Mb/s
Megabits per second
Mbps
Mega bits per second
MC
Mission Capable
MC-TIED
Marine Corps Training Improvised Explosive Device
MCB
Marine Corps Base
MCBH
Marine Corps Base Hawaii
MCBQ
Marine Corps Base Quantico
MCC
MILES Communication Code
MCC 97
MILES Communication Code 97
MCEB
Military Communications Electronics Board
MCLIC
Mine Clearing Line Charger
MCMWTC
Marine Corps Mountain Warfare Training Center
MCO
Major Combat Operation or Marine Corps Order
MCOTEA
Marine Corps Operational Test and Evaluation Activity
MCSO
Marine Corps Special Orders
MCTC
Maneuver Combat Training Center
MCWL
Marine Corps War fighting Lab
MDMP
Military Decision Making Process
MES
Mine Effects Simulator
MFC
Multinational Force Commander
MHz
Megahertz
MI
Military Intelligence
MIB
Management Information Base
MILES
Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System
Mission
(1) (DOD) 1. The task, together with the purpose, that clearly indicates the action to be taken and the reason therefore. 2. In common usage, especially when applied to lower military units, a duty assigned to an individual or unit; a task. 3. The dispatching of one or more aircraft to accomplish one particular task. (2) (FM 25-100) The primary task assigned to an individual, unit, or force. It usually contains the elements of who, what, when, where, and the reasons therefore, but seldom specifies how.
Mission Essential Task List (METL)
A compilation of collective mission essential tasks that must be successfully performed if an organization is to accomplish its wartime mission(s). (FM25-100)
Mission Needs Statement (MNS)
A formatted non-system-specific statement containing operational capability needs and written in broad operational terms. It describes operational capabilities and constraints to be studied during the [acquisition] Concept Exploration and Definition Phase. (CJCSI 3170.01A)
Mission Profile (MP)
A time-phased description of the events and environments a system experiences from initiation to completion of a specified mission.
Mission Support Training Complex (MSTC)
The MSTC, a Strike Force Term, is an evolving concept. For the First Digital Division certification exercise, the facility is called the collective training support facility (CTSF). For the Initial Brigade, the facility is referred to as the Mission Training Support Facility (MTSF). When the new Army Training Strategy is published, it is anticipated that a like type facility will be part of the “wrap around” and “Reach-back” concepts.
MITS
Mobile Independent Target System
MMDS
Multi-channel Multi-point Distribution System or Multipoint Microwave Distribution System
MOA
Memorandum-of-Agreement
ModSAF
Modular Semi-Automated Forces
MOE
Measure Of Effectiveness
MOOTW
Military Operations Other than War
MOP
Measure Of Performance
MOS
Military Operational Specialty
MOUT
Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain
MOUT/RT
Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain/Restrictive Terrain
MP
Military Police
MPEG
Moving Picture Experts Group
MPLS
Multiprotocol Label Switching
MPN
MSE Packet Network
MRB
Motorized Rifle Battalion
MRE
Mission Rehearsal Exercise
MRES
Mobile Remote Emitter System
MRR/LLTR
Minimum Risk Route/Low Level Transit Route
MRT
Maintenance Review Team
MSA
Multi-Service Access
MSC
Major Subordinate Command or Mobile Internet Switching Controller
MSE
Mobile Subscriber Equipment
MSL
Mean Sea Level
MSR
Main Supply Routes
MSRT
Mobile Subscriber Radiotelephone Terminal
MTA
Maneuver Training Area
MTOE
Modification Table of Organization and Equipment
MTP
Master Training/Test Plan
MTR
Mean Time to Restore
MVU
Mobile Vehicle Unit or Mobile Video Unit
MWIF
Mobile Wireless Internet Forum

N

NAC
NTC-OIS Acquisition Center
NAI
Named Area of Interest
NATO
North American Treaty Alliance
NAWCTSD
Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division
NBC
"Nuclear
NCA
National Command Authority
NCO
Noncommissioned Officer
NDA
Non-Disclosure Unit
NDGPS
Nationwide Differential GPS
NDI
Non Developmental Item
NDP
Neighbor Discovery Protocol
NEPA
National Environmental Protection Act
New Equipment Training (NET)
(TRADOC Reg 350-70) – An initial transfer of knowledge, gained during equipment development, from the materiel developer/ provider to the trainer, user, supporter.
NFS
Network File System
NGATS
New Generation of Army Targetry
NGFS
Naval Gun Fire Support
NI-RCP
Non Interactive Rolling Combat Power
NIC
Network Interface Controller
NIMA
National Imagery and Mapping Agency
NIST
National Institute for Standards and Technology
NLE
Non-Linear Editing
NLOS
Non-Line-of-Sight
NLT
No Later Than
NMC
Non Mission Capable
NMEA
National Maritime Electronics Association
Non-Lethal
Not made to cause death; not intentionally deadly; term used to describe capabilities with affect targets, temporarily or permanently without intentionally causing death to personnel or without unnecessary destruction or environmental damage.
Non-Lethal Antimaterial (NLM)
Similar to NLT, but encompassing weapons and ordnance designed to incapacitate material and vehicles rather than humans.
Non-Lethal Capabilities
Capabilities employed with the intent to compel or deter adversaries by acting on human capabilities or mater while minimizing killing and destruction of equipment or facilities.
Non-Lethal Technology (NLT)
Synonymous with NLW, but also encompassing more advanced technology which is not yet available for use by military forces.
Non-Lethal Weapons (NLW)
Weapons explicitly designed and primarily employed so as to incapacitate personnel or material, while minimizing fatalities, permanent injury to personnel, and undesired damage to property.
Non-Precision Targets
Targets used for engagements greater than 50 meters. These targets are 2D pop-up type that can be engaged by support by fire elements and teams when presented.
NPCA
National Parks and Conservation Association
NSA
National Security Agency
NSFS
Naval Surface Fire Support
NSWC
Naval Surface Warfare Center
NTC
National Training Center
NTC-IS
National Training Center - Instrumentation System
NTC-OIS
National Training Center - Objective Instrumentation System
NTIA
National Telecommunications and Information Administration
NTP
Network Time Protocol

O

O&M
Operations and Maintenance
O&S
Operation & Support
OADM
Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer
Observer/Controller (O/C)
Combined arms subject-matter experts (SME) who design tactical training exercises, observe and assess individual and collective training performance, teach and coach their unit counterparts, and provide training performance feedback. At the MCTC’s, the OPSGP O/C organization parallels that of the units undergoing CTC training. This strategy ensures sufficient personnel to measure the performance of individuals and units in battle and collective tasks and to assist in scenario execution. The O/Cs accompany the unit throughout all phases of force-on-force and live-fire training.
Observer/Trainer (O/T)
See Observer/Controller. Usually associated with the Active Component training program for the Reserve components, administered by Forces Command.
OC
Optical Connection
OCCS
Observer Controller Communication System
OCONUS
Outside Continental United States
ODBC
Open Database Connectivity
ODC
Other Direct Charges
OEM
Original Equipment Manufacturer
OF
Objective Force
OFDM
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
OIF
Optical Internetworking Forum
OIS
Objective Instrumentation System
OLSR
Optimized Link-State Routing
OM
Object Model
OMT
Object Model Template
OneSAF
One Semi-Automated Forces
OneTESS
One Tactical Engagement Simulation System
OOA
Object Oriented Analysis
OOS
OneSAF Objective System
Operational Architecture
An operational architecture establishes the basic framework and structure for what is to be built. An Operational Architecture defines the field deployment of the system components to the force by echelon, unit type, equipment, and information exchange requirements. Operational architecture (AO) contains text, graphic models to show functions and information required, graphics representations of how the Army organizes and equips to execute C4 processes, and a data base to provide detailed characteristics about information exchanges, such as format (voice/data/imagery), speed of service, perishability, and criticality. The OA will show relationships among organizations and functions in terms of the information they need, use, and exchange. It also addresses the platforms and equipment that are to be available, as well as the methodology to upgrade and interoperate with platforms containing embedded processors.
Operational Mode Summary (OMS)
A description of the expected percentage of use for each mission profile and the environmental conditions for which the system was designed.
Operational Requirements Document (ORD)
A formatted-statement containing performance (operational effectiveness and suitability) and related operational parameters for the proposed system. The operational requirements document will be initially prepared during Phase 0 "Concept Exploration and Definition". It will be updated during Phase 1, "Demonstration and Validation."
OPFOR
Opposing Force
OPLAN
Operation Plan
OPNET
Optimal Network Performance
OPORD
Operation Order
OPORD
Operation Order
Opposing Force Materiel
The Live CRD defines OPFOR as a family of equipment supporting six architectural elements OPFOR armor, OPFOR fire support, OPFOR, aviation, OPFOR air defense, OPFOR engineer, and OPFOR radioelectronic.
OPSEC
Operations Security
OPTEMPO
Operating Tempo
ORB
Object Request Broker
ORD
Operational Requirements Document
OS
Operating System
OSD
Office of the Secretary of Defense
OSI
Open Systems Interconnect
OSPF
Open Shortest Path First
OTB
OneSAF Test Bed
OTNK
Over The Network Keying
OTS
Off-the-Shelf

P

P&D
Production & Deployment
PA
Position Area
PAN
Personal Area Network
PAT
Port Address Translation
PBX
Private Branch Exchange
PC
Point Coordinator or Personal Computer
PCF
Point Coordination Function
PCS
Personal Communications Service
PCU
Player Control Unit
PD
Program Director
PDA
Personal Digital Assistant
PDD
Player Detection Device or Personal Detection Device or Product Definition Document or Product Design Document
PDP
Product Deployment Plan
PDR
Preliminary Design Review or Product Design Review
PDSS
Post Deployment Software/System Sustainment
PDU
Player Data Unit or Protocol Data Unit
PED
Personal Electronic Device
PEO-STRI
Program Executive Office for Simulation, Training and Instrumentation
PGM
Precision Guided Missile
PGS
Precision Gunnery System
PIA
Proprietary Information Agreement
PIM
Protocol-Independent Multicast
PIN
Personal Identification Number
PIP
Program Integration Plan
PJM
Project Manager
PKI
Public Key Infrastructure
PLA
Product Line Architecture
PLAF
Product Line Architecture Framework
PLAS
Product Line Architecture Specification
Players
Same as Instrumented Participant. Instrumented Participant is the preferred term.
See Also:   Instrumented Participant
PLD
Product Line Deployment
PLE
Product Line Engineering
PLM
Product Lifecycle Management
Plt
Platoon
Plug-N-Play
The capabilities of the system to automatically recognize, control, and communicate with system peripherals (e.g. targetry, Battlefield Effects Simulators (BES), audio/video collection device).
PM
Program Manager
PM CTIS
Program Manager Combat Training Instrumentation Systems
PM DT
Program Manager Digital Training
PM LTS
Program Manager Live Training Systems
PM TRADE
Program Manager Training Devices
PM TRASYS
Program Manager Training Systems
PM-DT
Program Manager Digitized Terrain
PM-LTS
Program Manager Live Training Systems
PMIT
Program Management Integrated Team
PMO
Program Management Office
POF
Priority Of Fires
POST
Power-On Self Test
PPP
Program Protection Plan
Precision Targets
Targets used in 50 meters or less engagements. Precision targets support short distance engagements that are quick violent, and deadly. Target discrimination is trained by presenting life size 3D precision targets that replicate, enemy (uniformed w/ weapons and equipment), non-combatant male, female, non uniformed combatant (civilian militia, guerrilla etc.) precision hit sensors respond only to lethal shot placement. The torso lethal zone is 18”X8” and neck head lethal zone is 4”X8”.
Proponent Agency
An Army organization or staff which has been assigned primary responsibility for materiel or subject matter in its area of interest, i.e., proponent school, proponent staff agency, proponent center, etc.
Proponent School
The TRADOC school designated by the CG, TRADOC or other appropriate MACOM as Training/TD (Task) Proponent to exercise management of all combat/training development aspects of a materiel system, functional area, or task. It analyzes, designs, develops, implements and evaluates training/training products for proponency area.
PRP
Proactive Routing Protocol
PSR
Product Safety Report
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network
PSYOPS
Psychological Operations
PT
Plain Text
PTR
Product Tracking Report
PVD
Plan View Display

Q

QAP
Quadrant Adjustment Protocol
QoS
Quality of Service

R

R&M
Reliability & Maintainability
R/S
Reconnaissance / Surveillance
RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service
RAID
Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
Range
The radial distance from a launcher to a target or other object.
RARP
Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
RC
Reserve Component
RCS
Range Communication System
RDA
Research Development and Acquisition
RDBMS
Relational Database Management System
RDMS
Range Data Management System
RDS
Range Data System
RDZ
Ricochet Danger Zone
Reliability
The ability of a system to perform its required functions with correct and consistent results over a period of time.
REMBASS
Remotely Monitored Battlefield Sensor System
RF
Radio Frequency
RFI
Radio Frequency Interference
RFP
Request for Proposal
RIS
(Marine Corps) Range Instrumentation System
RISCon
Range Instrumentation System Control
RISTA
Reconnaissance
RM
Radiant Mercury
RM/T
Range Modernization and Transformation
RMB
Risk Management Board
RMIS
Risk Management Information Systems
ROE
Rules of Engagement
ROHC
Robust Header Compression
ROM
Rough Order of Magnitude
ROZ
Restricted Operation Zone
RPF
Reverse Path Forwarding
RPR
Real-time Platform Reference
RRP
Reactive Routing Protocol
RSA
Range Standardization
RSR
Resilient Packet Ring
RSS
Radar Simulation System
RSVP
ReSerVation Protocol
RTAM
Range and Training Area Management
RTCA
Real Time Casualty Assessment
RTCM
Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services
RTD
Returned To Duty
RTI
Run Time Infrastructure
RTK
Real Time Kinematic
RTM
Requirements Traceability Matrix
RTS
Run-Time Services or Request to Send
RU
Radio Units
RVM
Requirements Verification Matrix

S

S-2
Battalion or Brigade Intelligence Staff Officer
S-3
Battalion or Brigade Operations Staff Officer
SA
Surface to Air or Situation Awareness
SAAFR
Standard Army Aviation Flight Route
SAF/CGF
Semi-Automated Force/Computer Generated Force
SAM
Surface to Air Missile
SAMMS
Standard Army Maintenance Management System
SAP
Service Access Point
SAS
Single Attachment Station
SAT
Small Arms Transmitter
SATIDS
Situational Awareness Tactical Internet Data Server
SATS
Standard Army Training System
SAWE
Simulated Area Weapons Effects
SBCT
Stryker Brigade Combat Team
SBIR/WM
Space Based Infrared Systems / Wargaming Model
Scenario
The over-arching environment, background, theme (e.g., ‘story’) that provides the stage for the conduct of an exercise.
SCI
Sensitive Compartmented Information
SCIF
SCI Facility
SCLA
Southern California Logistics Airport
SDP
Software Development Plan
SDRL
Subcontract Data Requirements List
SE
Systems Engineering
SEAD
Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses
SEE
Software Engineering Environment
SEGW
System External Gateway
SEI
Software Engineering Institute
SEIT
Systems Engineering Integration Team
Self-organized-to-task
A concept that describes a capability to organize data given a use case and user. This implies some artificial intelligence or computer aided decision capability. Examples might be automatically generating training support materials based on a new METL task or recognizing training preferences based on student profiles. The concept is contained in AT XXI Campaign plan, AT XXI Technical Architecture as well as DoD work on a sharable courseware objects.
SEMP
Systems Engineering Management Plan
SEP
Systems Engineering Plan
SEPG
Software (or Systems) Engineering Process Group
SESAMS
Special Effect Small Arms Marking System
SETA
Systems Engineering and Technical Assistance
SIAT
Systems Engineering, Interoperability, Architectures and Technology
SIGINT
Signal Intelligence
SIMCI
Simulation to C4I Interface
SIMITAR
Simulation In Training for Enhanced Readiness
SIMNET
Simulation Network
SIMPLE
Simulation C4I Interface Module for Plans
Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS)
A family of VHF-FM combat net radios which has the capability to transmit and receive voice, tactical data and record traffic messages and is consistent with NATO interoperability requirements.
SITREP
Situation Report
Situational Awareness (SA)
Knowledge of one’s location; the location of friendly and hostile forces; and of external factors, such as terrain, weather, etc., that may affect one’s capability to perform a mission. (Army Digitization Master Plan 1 Mar 99) Commanders, staffs, units, and soldiers/weapon platforms at all echelons require the means to optimally utilize all battle command information available that affects their area of operations. SA is a state of understanding gained through decisions made from knowledge supplied by a graphical Common Picture of the battlefield consisting as a minimum of the; enemy situation (location, resources, status, and possible actions), friendly situation (location, resources, and status), and the logistics situation (location and status). (ABCS CRD, Ver 1c.)
Situational Training Exercise (STX)
Mission-related, limited exercises designed to train one collective task or a group of related tasks and drills through practice. STXs teach the standard, preferred method for carrying out the task. They are more flexible than drills and usually include drills, leader tasks, and soldier tasks. STXs may be modified based on the unit METL or expanded to meet special mission requirements. To ensure standardization, service schools develop STXs to teach the doctrinally preferred way to perform specific missions or tasks.
SLAM ER
Standoff Land-Attack Missile Expanded Response
SLICE
Soldier Level Integrated Communications Environment
SLOC
Source Lines of Code
SM
Spectrum Monitoring
SMART
Secure Messaging and Routing Terminal
SME
Subject Matter Expert
SMECS
Spectrum Monitoring and Engineering Control Subsystem
SMF
Single-Mode Fiber
SMIFS
Spectrum Monitoring Intelligence Feedback System
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNE
Synthetic Natural Environment
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SNR
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
SOA
Simulation of the Architecture
SOF
Special Operations Forces
Soldier Survivability
(AR 70-75) -That characteristic of soldiers that enables them to withstand (or avoid) adverse military action (both friend and foe) or the effects of natural phenomena that would result in the loss of capability to continue effective performance of the prescribed mission. System design considerations for soldier survivability are a combination of, but not limited to, those system characteristics which: a. reduce fratricide; b. reduce detectability of the soldier; c. prevent attack on the soldier, if detected; d. prevent bodily damage, if attacked; e. minimize medical injury, if wounded; f. reduce physical and mental fatigue; and g. prevent adverse impact on health and performance due to health threats in the natural environment (disease, toxic contaminants, climatic and terrestrial extremes).
SOM
Simulation Object Model
SOO
Statement of Objectives
SOP
Standing Operating Procedure
SoS
System of Systems
SOW
Statement of Work
SPI
Schedule Performance Index
SPIRIT
Special Purpose Integrated Remote Intelligence Terminal
SQL
Standard Query Language
SRA
Schedule Risk Assessment
SRR
System Requirements Review
SRS
Software Requirements Specification
SS
System Specification
SSC
Standard Simulation Center
SSDD
System/Subsystem Design Description
SSM
Source Specific Multicast
SSMF
Standard Single-Mode Fibers
SSS
System/Subsystem Specification
STAARS
Standard After Action Review System
Stability and Support Operations (SASO)
Peacetime operations to include, but are not limited to, security assistance, nation assistance, search and rescue, civil affairs (CA), noncombatant evacuation (NEO), peacekeeping, shows of force, support to counter-drug operations, and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.
See Also:   MOOTW
Standard
(DOD, NATO) An exact value, a physical entity, or an abstract concept, established and defined by authority, custom, or common consent to serve as a reference, model, or rule in measuring quantities or qualities, establishing practices or procedures, or evaluating results. A fixed quantity or quality.
Standardization
As applicable to Army training means: (1) The development and implementation of performance standards that the Army employs in training and in combat. (2) Units and soldiers performing the same task will be trained to perform that task to the same standard. (3) Training products are produced in one format by the training proponent and used by other training activities. (4) AR 71-9 The process of developing concepts, doctrines, procedures, and designs to achieve and maintain the most effective levels of compatibility, interoperability, interchangeability and commonality in the field of operations, administration, and materiel. Standardization is the process by which nations achieve the closest practicable cooperation among forces, the most efficient use of research, development, and production resources, and items.
STD
Software Test Descriptions
STM
System Technical Monitoring
STOC
STRICOM Omnibus Contract
STOW-A
Synthetic Theater of War Army
STP
Software Test Plan
STR
Software Test Report
Supportability
That characteristic of a system and its support system design that provides for sustained system performance, at a required readiness level, when supported in accordance with specified concepts and procedures.
Survivability
(1) Includes all aspects of protecting personnel, weapons, equipment, and supplies while simultaneously deceiving the enemy. (2) Encompasses planning and locating position sites, designing adequate overhead cover, analyzing terrain conditions and construction materials, selecting excavation methods, and countering the effects of direct and indirect fire weapons. (DoD 5000.2-R) - The capability of a system and crew to avoid or withstand a man-made hostile environment without suffering an abortive impairment of its ability to accomplish its designated mission. The ability to withstand an direct or near attack and continue operations.
Sustainment Training
Used to reinforce previous training and/or sustain/regain previously acquired skills and knowledge. ST is: -- Related to course-specific training objectives. -- Performed under prescribed conditions and must meet prescribed performance standards. -- Usually takes place in the unit to sustain or retrain a previously required proficiency level; may be trained to prepare an individual for institutional training, i.e., meet prerequisite training requirements. May take place in a course during/outside of POI time.
SVD
Software Version Description
SW or S/W
Software
Synthetic Training Environment
The STE is the integration of high level architecture compliant live, virtual, and constructive training systems into the ABCS common operating environment creating a common “train as we fight” battle space. This system of systems supports strategic, operational, and tactical mission driven scenarios developed from the universal joint task list, army universal task list, and mission essential task list. Army Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) stimulation interfaces automate the information flow between ABCS subsystems. (TEMO CRD – STE)
System Architecture
A system architecture is the technical companion document to the Operational Architecture. It establishes the specific hardware needed to provide the connectivity required in the Operational Architecture. The System Architecture is a description of the physical connectivity of an information system which includes: identification of all equipment and their physical deployment; the specification of such parameters as the bandwidth required on each circuit; and the description-including graphics-of technical characteristics and interconnection of all parts of an information system. The system architecture can be developed for an individual system or at higher levels to depict the integration of numerous systems in to a system of systems architecture.

T

T&C
Terms and Conditions
T&E
Test & Evaluation
T-CREW2
Training-Counter Radio Electronic Warfare Two
T/IR
Test Inspection Report
T2
Training Transformation
TAA
Tactical Assembly Area
TACAIR
Tactical Air
TACC
Tactical Air Control/Command Center
TACFIRE
Tactical Fire Direction System
TACOM
Tank-automotive and Armaments Command
TACP
Tactical Air Control Party/Post
TACS
Theatre Air Control System
TACSAT
Tactical Satellite
Tactical and Administrative Control Documents
Exercise/scenario support plans and documents are the total of all administrative and tactical control documents that support the five umbrella functional uses cases derived from the Live CRD Functional Architecture (i.e., Exercise Planning, System Preparation).
Tactical Engagement Simulation (TES)
An advanced collective training methodology supported by a family of TADSS used in free-play, force-on-force, field training exercises. This live simulation training system includes unique curriculum, specially trained military and civilian instructors, and life cycle contractor support personnel worldwide.
Tactical Engagement Simulation System (TESS)
TESS are the systems (e.g., MILES, TWGSS/PGS, OneTESS, etc.) used in support of TES. These system provide a simulation of the casualty producing effects of weapons and support assessment of training performance through the recording of tactical engagement events.
TAF
Training Analysis and Feedback
TAI
Target Area of Interest
TAIS
Tactical Airspace Integration System
TAO
The ACE ORB
TARN
Tactical Air Request Net
TARP
Tactical Aerial Reconnaissance Patrol or Training Augmentation Range Package
Task
A clearly defined and measurable activity accomplished by individuals and organizations. Tasks are specific activities, which contribute to the accomplishment of encompassing missions or other requirements. (FM 25-100)
TBD
To Be Determined
TBRPF
Topology-Based Reverse Path Forwarding
TCDL
Tactical Common Data Link
TCG
Technology Capability Grouping
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
TCS
Tactical Control System
TDA
Table Of Distribution and Allowance(s)
TDB
Terrain Database
TDDS
Tactical Related Applications (TRAP) Data Dissemination System
TDm
Time Division Multiplexing
TDMA
Time Division Multiple Access
TECD
Training and Education Capabilities Division
Technical Architecture
A technical architecture is a minimal set of rules governing the arrangement, interaction, and interdependence of the parts of an information system. The purpose of the Technical Architecture is to ensure that a conformant system satisfies a specific set of requirements. A technical architecture is comparable to a building code, not telling you what to build (i.e., the operational architecture) nor how to build (i.e., the systems architecture), but rather delineating the standards to which build to and to pass inspection. The technical architecture identifies a framework of standards and includes top-level systems specifications, and architectural diagrams for technical interface specifications.
TECOM
Training Education Command
TENA
Test and Training Enabling Architecture
TES
Tactical Engagement Simulation
TEWT
Tactical Exercise Without Troops
TF
Task Force
THP
Take Home Package
TIA
Telecommunications Industry Association
TIBS
Tactical Information Broadcast Service
TIO
Training Initiatives Office
TLO
Training Liaison Officer
TM-UWB
Time Modulated Ultra Wide Band
TOC
Tactical Operations Center
TOCR
Total Ownership Cost Reduction
TOE
Table of Organization and Equipment
TOS
Type of Service
TOT
Time on Target
TP
Test Procedures
TP
Test Plan
TPD
Training Performance Data
TPF
Training Performance Feedback
TPM
Technical Performance Measure
TRA
Technical Readiness Assessments
TRAC
TRADOC Analysis Center
TRADOC
Training and Doctrine Command
Trainer
(1) Educator. A person with a higher proficiency level in a specific are of interest. (2) A physical object used to convey a higher level of proficiency; this object is usually instrumented for feedback and performance evaluation.
Training aids, devices, simulators, and simulations (TADSS)
(AR 71-9) - TADSS which simulate or demonstrate the function of equipment or weapon systems. These items are categorized as follows: (a) Standalone TADSS. An autonomous item of training equipment designed to enhance or support individual or collective. (b) Embedded. Training that is provided by capabilities designed to be built into or added onto operational systems to enhance and maintain the skill proficiency necessary to operate and maintain that system. Embedded training capabilities encompass four training categories: (1) Category A – Individual/operator. To attain and sustain individual, maintenance, and system orientation skills. (2) Category B – Crew. To sustain combat ready crews/teams. This category builds on skills acquired from Category A. (3) Category C – Functional. To train or sustain commander, staffs, and crews/teams within each functional area to be utilized in their operational role. (4) Category D – Force Level (Combined Arms Command and Battle Staff). To train or sustain combat ready commanders and battle staffs utilizing the operational system in its combat operational role. (c) System. A TADSS item that supports a specific materiel system or family of systems program. (d) Non-system. All TADSS not defined as system TADSS. (e) Simulators. A training medium that replicates or represents the functions of a weapon, weapon system, or item of equipment generally supporting individual, crew, or crew subset training. Simulators may stand alone or be embedded. (f) Simulations. A training medium designed to replicate or represent battlefield environments in support of command and staff training. Simulations may stand-alone or be embedded.
Training Analysis Feedback (TAF)
TAF compares the actual output of a task training process with the intended outcome. By focusing on the task's standards and by describing specific observations, trainers identify strengths and weaknesses and decide how to improve performances.
Training Condition
The circumstances and environment in which a task is to be performed. (FM 25-101)
Training Developers
The individual whose function is to analyze, design, develop, and evaluate training and training products, to include development of training strategies, plans, and products to support resident, non-resident, and unit training. Any individual functioning in this capacity is a training developer regardless of job or position title. In developing systems, the command or agency responsible for the development and conduct of training which will provide the tasks necessary to operate and logistically support the new materiel system.
Training Event
A combined set of training conditions designed to convey a higher level of proficiency. These conditions are designed to test a specific set of objectives. The duration of a Training event may last for several days.
Training Objective
A statement that describes the desired outcome of a training activity. A training objective consists of the following three parts: (1) Task. A clearly defined and measurable activity accomplished by individuals or organizations. (2) Condition(s). The circumstances and environment in which a task is to be performed. (3) Standard. The minimum acceptable proficiency required in the performance of a particular training task. (FM 25-101)
Training Standard
The minimum acceptable proficiency required in the performance of a particular training task. (FM 25 101)
Training Support Package (TSP)
A package integrating various training products necessary to train one or more critical tasks. Some components are: a course management plan, lessons plans, training products of an appropriate media mix, and all other materials needed to conduct the training.
Transportability
(MIL-HDBK-502) - The inherent capability of an item or system to be moved efficiently over railways, highways, waterways, oceans, or airways either by carrier, towing, or self-propulsion.
TRAP
Technical Review Action Plan
TRB
Technical Review Board
TRR
Test Readiness Review
TSA
Technology Survey and Assessment
TSIP
Trimble Standard Interface Protocol
TSIU
Tactical Simulation Interface Unit
TSM
Trunk Signaling Message or Targeting Synchronization Matrix
TSS
Training Support System
TSV
Through Sight Video
TXOP
Transmit Opportunity

U

U-DITS
Urban Deployable Instrumented Training System
UA
Unit of Action
UAV
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
UE
Unit of Employment
UHF
Ultra High Frequency
UI
User Interface
UJTL
Universal Joint Task List
UL
Underwriters' Laboratories
ULH
Ultra-long Haul
ULS
Universal Licensing System
UNI
User to Network Interface
Unit Set Fielding
Unit Set Fielding transforms a Brigade and Brigade Combat Team to a newer enhanced warfighting capability. It consists of a Doctrine, Training, Leader development, Organization, Materiel, and Soldiers (DTLOMS) analysis and application of a System of Systems fielding approach to achieve this enhanced capability. Unit Set Fielding (materiel subset) consists of fielding three inter-related groups of systems: (1) Improved Command and Control (C2) and Situational Awareness (SA). The key component to improve operational capability horizontally and vertically. Enhanced C2 and SA provide the relevant common picture for all commanders, shooters and supporters allowing them to realize improved lethality and survivability and enabling war-fighters to act faster than the enemy can react. (2) Core Items. By definition a core item is the primary weapons system of the brigade,” e.g., the Abrams for an Armor Battalion. The core item may or may not already be fielded to the brigade scheduled to receive the Improved C2 Item(s). (A) If already fielded, the Improved C2 and SA item(s) become the driver. (B) If not already fielded then the Core Item and the Improved C2 and SA item(s) should be fielded as a package.
UO
Urban Operations
UPS
Uninterruptible Power Supply
UPSR
Uni-Directional Path Switched Ring
US
United States
USAF
United States Air Force
USAR
United States Army Reserve
USB
Universal Serial Bus
USCG
US Coast Guard
Use Case
Describes functional and operational methods within the context of military training and operations. For CTIA, three types of use cases are being developed to support the analysis. Product use cases, functional use cases, and quality profiles. Product use cases are MS Word documents that provide a high level description of the LTT products that will be supported by CTIA (e.g., NTC, HITS, DITS, etc.). Functional use cases UML use case and activity diagrams that identify the activities that users of LTT products perform, the actors associated with each activity, and the sequence of activities. Quality profiles are descriptions of test cases that will be used to verify that the CTIA complies with the ‘illity requirements (e.g., scalability, adaptability, etc.)
User
(AR 700-127) --The MACOM designated to receive the system from the MATDEV for accomplishing an assigned operational mission under a TOE, TDA, or other enabling document.
USJFCOM
United States Joint Forces Command
USMC
United States Marine Corps
USMTF
United States Message Text Formatting
UWB
Ultra Wideband
UWG
User Working Group
UXO
Unexploded Ordnance

V

V&V
Validation and Verification
Variation Management
A software engineering approach to managing differences in features and functions of multiple products in a software product line over time and over the software lifecycle. (from CPM Operations Guide)
VBR
Variable Bit Rate
VDD
Vehicle Detection Device
VHF
Very High Frequency
VHS
Video Home System or Vertical Helix Scan
Virtual Simulation
A simulation involving real people operating simulated systems. Virtual simulations inject humansintheloop in a central role by exercising motor skills, decision skills, or communication skills.
VISMOD
Visual Modification
VLAN
Virtual Local Area Network
VMA
Voice Monitoring Application
VMF
Variable Message Format
VoIP
Voice over IP
VSCS
Voice Switching and Control System
VTC
Video Teleconference
VTMR
Voice Tactical Monitoring and Recording

W

WAAS
Wide Area Augmentation System
WAM
Wide Area Mines
WAN
Wide Area Network
WAP
Wireless Access Protocol
WARP
Wireless Ad hoc Routing Protocol
WARSIM
Warfighters Simulation
WBS
Work Breakdown Structure
WCDMA
Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
Weapon
The part of a system used to defeat or counter a threat element.
Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
Weapons that are capable of a high order of destruction and/or of being used in such manner as to destroy large numbers of people. Can be nuclear, chemical, biological or radiological weapons, but excludes the means of transporting or propelling the weapon where such means is a separable and divisible part of the weapon.
WEP
Wired Equivalent Privacy
WFZ
Weapons Free Zone
WG
Working Group
WHIRL
Wireless Hierarchical Routing Protocol
WIA
Wounded in Action
WLAN
Wireless Local Area Network
WOC
Wing Operations Center
WPM
Wavelet Packet Modulation
WSESRB
Weapon System Explosives Safety Review Board

X

Xcast
Explicit Multicast
XML
Extensible Markup Language

Z

ZHLS
Zone-based Hierarchical Link State Routing Protocol
ZRP
Zone Routing Protocol